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IB Geography - Food and Health (HL Option)
IB GEO HL
Terms in this set (40)
infant mortality rate (IMR)
total no. of death of children < 1 year old / total no of live births x 1000 per year
the average number of years that a person can be expected to live, usually from birth, given that demographic factors remain unchanged
DALYs (Disability-adjusted life years)
a health measure based on years of "healthy" life lost by being in poor health or in a state of disability
the amount of food (measured in calories) per person per day
access to safe water
access to safe water that is affordable, at sufficient quantity and available without excessive effort and time
access to health services
usually measured in the number of people per doctor or per hospital
HALE (Health-Adjusted Life Expectancy)
is an indicator if the overall health of a population. It combines measures of both age- and sex-specific health data and mortality data into a single statistic
the shift from infectious or contagious diseases (epidemics) to diseases causing a gradual worsening in health (degenerative diseases)
a infectious or contagious disease that spreads very fast throughout a country
diseases causing a gradual worsening in health often occurring in MEDCs
a diet that lacks nutrition even though enough food is being eaten in some cases.
deseases caused by a lack of specific vitamins or minerals
lack of protein in a diet
lack of calories/energy in a diet
too much energy / protein foods - problem in MEDCs
limited/non-existent intake of food
a short-term decline in the availability of food to a population in an area
a long-term decline in the availability of food in a region
exists when all people, at all times, have access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life
food availability deficit (FAD)
the local shortage of food caused by physical factors
is the application of science and technology to increase food productivity fx GM crops
Trading without tariffs, restrictions and quotas.
increased production (reduction in set-aside)
high prices have encouraged more food production
energy efficiency ratio (EER)
energy outputs / energy inputs
the amount of food that can be taken from the land without reducing the ability of the land to produce the same amount of goods in the future, without any additional inputs
refers to the spread of a disease into new locations
suggest that areas that are closer to the source are more likely to be affected by it
food entitlement deficit (FED)
the local shortages of food caused by the fact that people cannot access the food due to fx. prices or food being withheld.
The spread of disease to a new area; often by plane or ship.
A form of diffusion in which the disease spreads from Rural areas to urban ares to cities or vice versa.
when a disease spreads within transportation and social networks, the spread of HIV in SA along transport routes
The rapid, widespread diffusion of a feature or trend throughout a population.
the potency of a disease decrease with distance.
The spread of a feature or trend among people from one area to another in a snowballing process.
Isolation or barrier protection includes use of the following protective equipment: gowns, gloves, masks, eye wear and other protective devices or clothing.
Physical Barriers: mountains, rivers, isolation/containment
isolation to prevent the spread of disease
Focuses on epidemiological data (death rates, prevalence rates, birth rates, etc.)
Water Borne Diseases
Diseases that are contracted by drinking or being in contact with infected water e.g. cholera
Abstinence, Condomize and Contraception.
Mainly used in Africa to halt the spread of AIDS/HIV.
the distance food travels from where it is grown and processed to your home
Sets with similar terms
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