18 terms

Operant Conditioning

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

Operant Conditioning
A type of learning that occurs through rewards and punishments for behavior (Skinner, 1948).
-Reward something that feels good
-Punishment something that feels bad
Reinforcement
An event that INCREASES the chance of behavior repeating
Punishment
An event that DECREASES the chance of behavior repeating
Positive Reinforcement
ADDING a pleasant stimulus to INCREASE the chance of the behaviour repeating
Example of Positive Reinforcement
Receiving a praise for holding the door for someone
-Positive reinforcer is the praise it will make more likely that you will hold the door for someone in the fu
Negative Reinforcement
REMOVING an unpleasant stimulus to INCREASE the chance of the behaviour repeating
Example of Negative Reinforcement
Removing a stone that has lodged inside the shoe while walking
- Pain as negative reinforcer to stopping to take off your shoe.
Positive Punishment
ADDING an unpleasant stimulus to DECREASE the chance of the behaviour repeating
-Unpleasant (un=not; pleasant = happy/good sensation)
Example of Positive Punishment
Scolding a student to get him to stop texting in class.
Negative Punishment
REMOVING a pleasant stimulus to DECREASE the likelihood of the behaviour repeating
Example of Negative Punishment
The teacher confiscates your phone for using it during classtime
Shaping
Learning in small steps
-Instead of waiting for the person to show a desired behavior, any behavior in the right direction is rewarded.
Continuous Reinforcement
the reinforcement of each and every correct response
-A vending machine will give you an item every time you insert the money correctly
Partial Reinforcement
reinforcing a response only part of the time
-You don't expect to win each time
Fixed-interval schedule
a reinforcement schedule that reinforces a response only after a certain time has passed
Variable-interval schedule
a reinforcement schedule that reinforces a response at different time intervals
Fixed-ratio schedule
a reinforcement schedule that reinforces a response only after a certain number of responses
variable-ratio schedule
a reinforcement schedule that reinforces a response after a different number of responses

Flickr Creative Commons Images

Some images used in this set are licensed under the Creative Commons through Flickr.com.
Click to see the original works with their full license.