How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Re-emerging diseases

STUDY
PLAY
Lyme Disease
Etiology-bacteria (spirochette), Borrellia burgdorferi
Stage 1 Lyme disease
bulls eye rash occurs 2-30days after bite
Stage 2 Lyme Disease
Sx of headache, fever, chills, fatigue, swollen lymph nodes, muscle and joint pain, facial paralysis, poor motor coordination
Stage 3 Lyme Disease
Occurs mo to yr's later, musculoskeletal pain, arthritis, deafness
Lyme Disease
Dx with clinical manifestations and serology test (false neg)
Lyme Disease
Manage with Doxycycline w in 3-4 days of bite to prevent disease
Lyme Disease
Doxycycline, cefuroxime, or amox to prevent later stages
Lyme Disease
Avoid walking in long grass/brush, move wood piles away from house, wear long pants tucked into shoes, insect repellant with DEET, treat pets, wash cloths after being in the woods
Lyme Disease
Remove a tick with tweezers,Gently grasp the tick near its head or mouth. Don't squeeze or crush the tick, but pull carefully and steadily. Once you've removed the entire tick, dispose of it and apply antiseptic to the bite area.
C.Dif
Normal intestinal flora, can grow out of control producing a toxin that causes diarrhea
C.Dif
long term antibiotic use, elderly, immunosuppression, hospitalization, malnourishment
C.Dif
Watery diarrhea, abd pain or cramping, fever, anorexia
C.Dif
confirm with stool culture, rest bowel, meds-flagyl, vanco
West Nile Virus
Potentially serious disease caused by viruse carried by mosquitoes
West Nile Virus
Flu like sx-mild to severe, fever, headache
West Nile Virus
DX is based on sx and blood test
West Nile Virus
treat with supportive care, prevention is key
SARS
serious acute resp infection, 10-20% develop resp failure, no definitive treatment, caused by CORONA VIRUS, spread by droplets
SARS
Fever, chills, ST, cough, SOB, HA, diarrhea
SARS
Symptom management, isolation-neg airflow room, mask, hand washing, report to pub hlth dept
Necrotizing Fasciitis
Soft tissue infection (group A strep), tissue death from bacteria toxins
Necrotizing Fasciitis
Fever, severe pain, swelling, inflammation
Necrotizing Fasciitis
Debridement, dressing changes, IV antibiotics, and pain management
Avian Influenza
infection caused by H5N1 virus, usually does not infect humans but 348 cases have occurred, spread by bird saliva, nasal secretions and feces, sx are mild to severe