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questions for psychology 233
Terms in this set (13)
Who deals with the psychoanalytic theory?
Who deals with the psychosocial theory?
Who was one of the first American psychologists to advocate a behavioral approach, summed up the behavioral perspective? Also,believed that we could gain a full understanding of development by carefully studying the stimuli that composed the environment.
John B. Watson
What pyschologist believed that a significant amount of learning is explained by social-cognitive learning theory, an approach that emphasizes learning by observing the behavior of another person, called a model?
Who created the cognitive development theory that proposed that all people pass in a fixed sequence through series of universal stages of cognitive development?
Example:People who lived in New York City during the 9/11 terrorist attack on the World Trade Center experienced shared biological and environmental challenges due to the attack.
Normative history-graded influences
Example:puberty and menopause
Normative age-graded influences
Example:this type of influence will be considerably different for children who are white and affluent than for children who are members of a minority group and living in poverty.
Normative sociocultural-graded influences
Example: A child whose parents die in an automobile accident when she is six years old has experienced a significant non-normative life event.
Nonnormative life events
Example: If a woman comes down with a case of rubella in the first twenty weeks of pregnancy, the consequences for the child she is carrying are likely to be devastating. They include the potential for blindness, deafness, and heart defects. However, if she comes down with the exact same strain of rubella in the thirtieth week of pregnancy, damage to the child is unlikely.
Example:A student is apt to work harder inschool if he or she receives good grades.
Example:one classic experiment, children who were afraid of dogs were exposed to a model , nicknamed the "Fearless Peter", who was seen playing happily with a dog. After exposure, the children who previously had been afraid were more likely to approach a strange dog than children who had not seen the model.
What was the alternative perspective proposed by the psychologist Urie Bronfenbrenner?
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