• Emerged in the 1960s and 70s
• Coined by Jonathan Rosenbaum to describe Dead Man while interviewing Jim Jarmausch - Refers to the counterculture of most western films.
• Indians no longer are the bad guys, whites are the real savages of the west!
• Defies masculinity
• Pessimistic, tragic
• Not your stereotypical white male hero/patriarch
Depp is very weak in the film. Always on a journey, grotesque killing.
• Neil Young music (electric guitar), score is not jubilant, upbeat, or victorious.
• Transgressive: crossing boundaries between what society prefers (happy endings, etc.), and what actually happens in reality. opposite of progressive? Outrages or violates constructed norm.
• NOT American fantasy.
• Undermines manifest destiny: man's divine right to move west and start their own communities even if it means sweeping out native Americans and their culture.
o (belief was so strong it became the dominant ideology
• presents all imperfections: cannibalism, violence.
• Jaramusch is one of the only filmmakers that owns the original negatives and final cuts of his film. (noncommercial)
• Language and village is respective to its history.
• Anitcapitalism and antindustrialism