APES 7.1 I & C Quiz Retake
Terms in this set (35)
Infant mortality rate and average life expectancy
Which of the following pairs of indicators would you think are most closely related to the availability of health care in a country?
Which of the countries below would you expect to best exemplify phase 4 of the demographic transition?
Slow growth, rapid growth, stabilizing growth, declining growth
According to the theory of demographic transition, countries move through growth phases in which order?
Approximately what percentage of the population of developed countries lives in urban areas?
Which characteristics are typical of developed countries?
I. High technology use
II. Low GDP
III. Small-scale subsistence agriculture
always equal to at least 2
Replacement-level fertility is
Use the animated figure to answer the following question:
The shift in supply curve from S1 to S2 shows an increase in the cost of a good. This is indicative of the inclusion of a _______ externality in the price of the good and could be due to a ______ of the good produced.
Increased then decreased, Kuznet's curve
Use the figure below to answer the following question:
The figure from a report published by Universidad Del Atantico (Lora et al., 2013) that details the relationship between solid waste (harmful to the environment) and per capita income (an indicator of economic health) in the Andean region.
As the economy of Columbia improved, the amount of environmental impact _______, a principle known as _______.
the land will become barren from overgrazing
In a tragedy of the commons situation where multiple farmers graze sheep on public lands
What is the most common use of both private and public lands in the United States?
Tragedy of the commons
The tendency of a shared, limited resource to become depleted because people act out of self-interest for short-term gain is generally referred to a
Preservation, Conservation, Conservation, Development
Match each of the following federal agencies with the appropriate governing ethic/philosophy (answers may be used more than once):
National Parks Service
Fish & Wildlife Service
National Forest Service
Department of Energy
The target species has begun to evolve resistance
After many years of applying a selective pesticide, a farmer notices that the applications seem less effective. What is the most likely explanation for this change?
Worldwide, which is the largest component of the human diet?
Increase in production efficiency
Which is not a disadvantage of monocropping?
Fewer nutrient runoff problems
Which is not an advantage of synthetic fertilizers?
The use of machines encourages farmers to grow several types of plants on a single farm
Which is not true regarding of the mechanization of agriculture?
A 26 year-old young adult who consumes (smokes) 5 cigarettes/day
All of the following are forms of malnutrition except:
Answer 1: Broad
Answer 2: High
DDT (dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane, C14H9Cl5) is a pesticide that was made commercially available in the United States in 1945. In 1948, the Swiss chemist, Herman Muller, won a Nobel Prize for the work he did to develop the chemical as an insecticide. DDT was considered a "magic bullet" due to its ability to control populations of insects that caused malaria and typhus with no observable impact on humans. Eventually, it was learned that the chemical had spread through the natural system and moved up through food webs, disrupting chemical pathways in non-target species and altering the ecological balance of native systems. In the United States it was banned for use in agricultural applications in 1972. A global ban for use in agriculture followed, but it is still used in some parts of the world to control mosquito populations and reduce exposure to malaria.
DDT is characterized as a ______ spectrum with ______ persistence
Toilet, bathing, laundry, cooking and drinking
Which of the following lists of household water uses is in the correct order, from highest to lowest
Its industrial use is decreasing, but its household use increasing
Which of the following statements about the industrial use of water is correct?
results from precipitation
In the United States, most "industrial" water is used for
They discourage the use of floodplains
Which is NOT true of levees?
TFR is the average number of children born to women in the population during their lifetime
Which statement about a population's total fertility rate (TFR) is correct?
If a country were to drastically reduce its birth rate and each woman in the population started having an average of about 2.0 children, the population would still grow for at least a couple of decades because of...
Answer: I, II, & III (all)
Which of the following have contributed to an increase in family planning worldwide?
I. Women's education
II. Increased income
III. Marketing and advertising
more affluent nations tends to consume more meat products
What is the general relationship between meat consumption and affluence?
it is recharged more slowly than it is being used
The use of aquifer water is usually not sustainable because...
Soils tend to be more fertile than surrounding areas
Which is true of floodplains?
Techniques create waste brine
Which is true of desalination?
they increase flooding of downstream ecosystems
Which of the following are NOT negative environmental impacts of dams?
Answer: II & III
Which of the following problems is directly associated with irrigation?
I. Fishery collapse
Which method for extracting timber from an area should impact species diversity of the native forest the least?
There is a low ratio of energy input to calorie output
Which of the following is not a benefit associated with industrial agriculture?
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