MGT 390 Ch. 8


Terms in this set (...)

Transactional Leaders
Guide or motivate their followers in the direction of established goals through Contingent Rewards and Management-by-Exception.
Transformational Leaders
Inspire followers to transcend their own self-interests for the good of the organization and are capable of having a profound and extraordinary effect on their followers. They transform followers from being individualistic to collectivistic and raise followers' levels of consciousness about the value of idealized goals. It's more than charisma, they attempt to instill in followers the ability to question established views to do what was previously thought impossible.
Charismatic Leadership
Followers make attributions of heroic or extraordinary leadership abilities when they observe certain behaviors.
- Act as strong role models for advocated beliefs & values
- Demonstrate competence
- Articulate ideological goals with moral overtones
- Communicate high expectations and exhibit confidence
- Arouse task-relevant motives

Stresses symbolic and emotionally appealing leader behaviors and attempts to explain how certain leaders are able to achieve extraordinary levels of follower commitment
When is Charismatic Leadership most appropriate?
When the follower's task has an ideological component or when the environment involves a high degree of stress and uncertainty.
Effects on followers as a result of Charismatic Leaders' behaviors
1) Trust in leader's ideology
2) Belief similarity between leader and follower
3) Unquestioning acceptance
4) Affection and obedience toward leader
5) Identification with leader
6) Heightened goals and emotional involvement with goals
7) Increased confidence in goal achievement
Transformational Leadership Factors
(1) Idealized Influence (Charisma)
(2) Inspirational Motivation
(3) Intellectual Stimulation
(4) Individualized Consideration
Bennis and Nanus (Four Common Transformational Strategies)
• Leaders have a clear vision of the "future state"
• Leaders are social architects
• Leaders create trust
• Leaders use a creative deployment of self
Kouzes and Posner Five Fundamental Transformational Practices
• Leaders "model the way"
•Leaders inspire a shared vision
•Leaders challenge the process
•Leaders enable others to act
•Leaders encourage the heart
Transformational Leadership Strengths
-Widely researched from many perspectives (substantial evidence supports its effectiveness)
-Intuitively appealing (represents the popular view of what leadership means)
-Treats leadership as process that occurs between followers and leaders
-Provides a broader view of leadership
-Places a strong emphasis on followers needs, values and morals
Transformational Leadership Criticisms
- Lacks conceptual clarity (lots of moving parts)
- Could be viewed as trait-based, elitist, and could suffer from "heroic leadership" bias
- Associated with effectiveness, but not real evidence of actual transformation (i.e., changes in followers and organizations)
- Could be abused given the emphasis on changing values through a new vision