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64 terms

AP Language Mrs. Jewell poetry test 2

STUDY
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Imagery
language that triggers the mind to recall and recombine images through words that appeal to the senses
Visual
sight
auditory
sound
olfactory
smell
gustatory
taste
tactile
touch
kinetic
refers to general motion
kinesthetic
refers to motions of animals and humans
figurative language (rhetorical figures)
expressions that conform to particular patterns, arrangements, and thoughts
metaphor
a direct relationship where one thing or idea substitutes for another
simile
an indirect relationship where one thing or idea is expressed as being like another
tenor
the tone of the poem
vehicle
means by which the tenor is conveyed
metaphorical language
compresses thought, promotes understanding, and shapes respnse
paradox
a device which is an apparent contradiction, but reveals an unexpected truth
apostrophe
dramatic device where the speaker addresses a real or imagined listener who isn't present
personification
where inanimate objects or abstract concepts are seemingly endowed with human self-awareness; where human thoughts, actions and perceptions are directly attributed to inanimate objects or abstract ideas
synecdoche
a device in which a part stands for the whole or the whole for the part
metonymy
the substitution of one thing for another that is closely related
synesthesia
mixing the senses; describing something using words you normally wouldn't
pun
word play
overstatement
hyperbole, a gross exaggeration for effect
understatement
the deliberate underplaying of words for emphasis
prosody
the study of sounds and rhythms in poetry
rhythm
the movement, rises and falls, and intensities in the flow of words, phrases, and sentences in poetry
meter
the number of feet in a line
foot
combination of one stressed and another unstressed syllable(s)
dimeter
2 metrical feet per line
trimeter
3
tetrameter
4
pentameter
5
hexameter
6
heptameter
7
octameter
8
iamb
one light stress followed by a heavy stress
trochee
heavy stress followed by a light stress
spondee
two successive, equally heavy stresses
pyrrhic
two unstressed syllables
anapest
two light stressed followed by a heavy
dactyl
one heavy stress followed by two light stresses
imperfect foot
a single syllable, light or heavy, by itself
amphibrach
light, heavy, light
amphimacer
heavy, light, heavy
bacchius
light, heavy, heavy
dipodic
combining two feet into one
accentual rhythm
all stressed syllables
caesura
the short or heavy pause separating cadence groups
end-stopped
when a caesura ends a line
cadence group
a rhythmic group of words spoken without pause
run-on or enjambment
a line with no punctuation at the end that runs over to the next line
assonance
repetition of identical vowel sounds in different words
alliteration
repetition of consonant sounds either at the beginning of words or consonant sounds which are similar within the words
onomatopoeia
blending of consonant and vowel sounds designed to imitate or suggest a situation or action
euphony
pleasant sounding words: words that flow smoothly together
cacophony
harsh sounding words
rhyme
the repetition of identical or similar concluding syllables
heavy stress rhyme
rhymes of monosyllabic words or polysyllabic words in which the final syllable is stressed
trochaic
double rhyme (two syllables in one word)
dactylic
triple rhyme (two 3-syllable words)
internal rhyme
one or more words rhyme within the line of poetry
exact rhyme
both vowel and consonant sounds match perfectly
slant rhyme
not exact rhyme; either vowel sounds or consonant sounds are the same
eye rhyme
words that look alike, but do not sound alike
rhyme scheme
the pattern of rhyming sounds in a poem using alphabetical letters