Chapter 13 Tidwell Sections 1-3
Terms in this set (52)
Elected government in Germany after WWI.
Battle of Britain
Air battle between Britain and Germany. British victory (July-October 1940).
Located on the border of Germany and France. Hitler violated the Treaty of Versailles by sending his troops here.
System of government where everything is geared to benefit of the state. Used by Benito Mussolini.
Members of the Italian fascist party that worked for Mussolini.
"the leader"; Mussolini's title.
National Socialist German Workers
Normally called "Nazis". Hitler joined this small political party, which attracted many others who were unhappy with the conditions in Germany.
Members of the Nazi party. Early militia/followers of Hitler.
Translates to "my struggle"; book written by Hitler while in prison. It was about his plans for winning Germany.
Translates to "the night of broken glass"; Anti-Jewish riots across Germany that occurred on November 9-10, 1938.
Term used to describe the genocide against the Jews during WWII.
Claimed he had no control over military leaders in government or over their actions, when he, in fact, did.
Chinese province that was invaded by some japanese generals in 1931 in order to acquire natural resources.
Statement from US saying the US will not recognize any land taken by Japan though violation of the Kellogg-Briand pact. From the US point of view, this is the means to reprimand Japan.
Japan, Germany, and Italy.
Italy's invasion of this country disturbed FDR deeply during WWII in 1935. It expanded Italian colonies.
Term used to describe when Germany tried to force Austria to join Germany.
Area that Hitler was able to annex from the Munich Agreement.
Made between Hitler, Neville Chamberlain, and Edouard Daladier, stating it was okay for Hitler to take over Sudetenland.
Between Germany and Russia promising not to go to war with each other.
The US reverted back to this after WWII. It helped lead the US not to resist German, Japanese, and Italian aggression in the 1930's.
Neutrality Act of 1935
This act prohibited all arms sales to countries at war and prohibited American citizens from traveling on vessels of foreign countries that were at war, except at their own risk.
Neutrality Act of 1936
This act forbade the granting of loans or credits to warring countries.
Neutrality Act of 1937
This act applied to the Spanish Civil War the same restrictions on goods and travel that applied to countries at war.
Neutrality Act of 1939
This act repealed the arms embargo of earlier neutrality acts and put in place the "cash and carry" policy.
September 1, 1939
The date of the beginning of WWII. (On this day, Germany launched a massive invasion on Poland).
German for "lighting war"; featured a combination of air attacks and fast-moving armored strikes.
A string of bunkers and fortresses that lined the border between France and Germany during WWII.
Quiet period after US declared war (AKA Sitzarieg).
French port where the Germans had trapped thousands of allied soldiers.
British prime minister who met with Hitler and was involved in the Munich Agreement.
Someone who does not believe in violence
A policy in the changed neutrality act of 1939; countries at war were allowed to purchase American goods as long as they paid cash and picked up their orders in American ports
Allowed the nation to send weapons to any country that is acting in the defense of the US (Great Britain, Soviet Union, and China) regardless of its ability to pay.
August 1941; Roosevelt and British leader Winston Churchill met secretly on a ship off the coast of Canada; agreement established between them that proclaimed the shared goals of the US and Britain in opposing Hitler and his allies. It not only covers the time frame of the war but it also states what the 2 countries expect to happen after the war
Meant to prevent the nation from being drawn into war
Not aiding one side or another
Speech delivered in Chicago comparing the spread of war to the spread of a contagious disease, therefore should be treated as one.
Presidential candidate opponent of Roosevelt. Shared similar polices, but lost the election
Arsenal of Democracy
Proclamation by president Franklin D. Roosevelt that the US would be the arsenal for Great Britain while they fought against Germany
America First Committee
Group that was against US entrance WWII; they were the most vocal about the United States staying neutral in the war
US ship that was torpedoed by a German U-Boat which killed eleven Americans
USS Reuben James
US ship that was torpedoed by a German U-Boat which killed over 100 US sailors
Japan's prime minister who launched the attack of Manchuria. He gave permission to attack Pearl Harbor
German bombing against Great Britain
Edward R. Murrow
American news person who gave an eyewitness account on the radio of what was going on in England while bombs were dropping around him
Germany's plan to invade Russia (Soviet Union), violates non-aggression pact
Name of all of the nations that opposed the axis powers (The most influential: Soviet Union, France, Great Britain, United States, and China)
Britain's Royal Air Force
December 7, 1941
The date of Pearl Harbor
Most influential Prime minister of Great Britain during the duration of WWII
1. Freedom of Speech
2. Freedom of Worship
3. Freedom from Want
4. Freedom from Fear