Music App. Test 2
Terms in this set (44)
A Renaissance intellectual movement in which thinkers studied classical texts and focused on human potential, achievements, reason
the style of simultaneously combining a number of parts, each forming an individual melody and harmonizing with each other.
polyphonic sacred music evolved from plainchant
Josquin des Prez
French. worked for the papal choir in Rome, made expressive and rich music. made many chansons, most famously, Ave Maria
short polyphonic music w/o accompaniment
notated polyphony, precise rhythm, pitch indicated, notation developed
individual composers recognized: mostly clerics in religious communities. extended works, varied textures and forms
first composer of polyphonic music whose name we know. compiled Great Book of Organum
Leonin's student who introduces 3 and 4 parts to the standard 2-part organum c. 1200-1225.
a medieval French poet and composer. He is one of the earliest composers on whom significant biographical information is available.
Troubadours and Trouveres
12th and 13th century poets and musicians of the aristocracy. First secular music to be notated (only pitches, not rhythm).
written about unrequited love, idealized love, chivalry, laments, the Crusaders
A french polyphonic love song (late middle ages & renaissance) that linked music and poetry. written for 3-8 people.
Ma fin est mon commencement
three voice, a capella chanson. puzzle/palindromic text: rondeau by machaut. it had
"rebirth"; following the Middle Ages. Social music making expanded through secular genre.
A secular song for 2 or 3 unaccompanied voices (renaissance) first time music, text and emotion linked
During the Renaissance, having instruments in the house was seen as ___
a sign of prosperity
musical illustration of the meaning of a word or a short verbal phrase
born in Cremona, Italy, wrote 9 books of madrigals, rich chromatic harmony. wrote Truly I Want to Die.
Truly I want to die (1603)
by Monteverde. 5 voice a capella with references to death and sexuality with alternating homophony and polyphony
famous English madrigal composer & organist. created Fair Phyllis
the epidemic form of bubonic plague experienced during the Middle Ages when it killed nearly half the people of western Europe
when each voice that comes in sings or plays the exact
same melody as the part before it, creating harmonic content out of the interweaving of the same melodic line.
Hildegard and Machaut
Josquin de Prez, Palestrina, Farmer, Monteverdi
when all voices move together rhythmically
the worship service of the early Christian church; recited/sung in Latin; main form of sacred music in
medieval and Renaissance periods
the text portions of the mass that did not change day to day
the text portions of the mass that changed depending on the day of the liturgical year
types of scales used by the monks and priests of the early Christian church when creating chants
("fixed melody") the original melody taken from a plainchant and used in organum. lower voice
Reformation era term, wanting the sacred text to be written in the local language of the people
fixed rhythmic pattern, often used with a fixed pattern of pitches (or melodic fragment)
School of Notre Dame
group of composers working in the Paris during the high medieval period. Developed Ars Antiqua style. First time in history groups of musicians collected to advance the musical art form.
melismatic text setting
many notes for each syllable of text
neumatic text setting
several notes (2-4) for each syllable of text
syllabic text setting
one note per syllable of text
aristocratic poet‐musicians from German provinces who composed written secular music
the first craft guild for musicians. Developed first music education
low‐born wandering acrobat-‐musician entertainers; performed/composed unwritten secular music
the Protestant religious movement that protested excesses by the Catholic church. emphasized Congregational singing, Simple melodies, and Local language (vernacular)
emphasized Congregational singing, Simple melodies, and Local language (vernacular)
soft, indoor instruments (lute, rebec, recorder)
loud, outdoor instruments (shawm, sackbut, cornetto)
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