An aspect of 20th century music that was a change from the past was that
"Classical" music was no longer the "popular" music for the general population.
The scale in which the octave is divided into six equal intervals, which are all whole steps , is the ____ scale.
the scale in which eight pitches are made to fit into the octave by alternating whole steps and half-steps is the ____scale.
What characterizes Debussy's use of tonal color?
he elevated its importance of that of melody, harmony, and form
The artistic movement that came about after WW1 and that signified a rejection of Expressionist emotionality and instead a return to the styles of earlier composers was:
Arnold Schoenberg invented a method that guarantees that no one pitch in the chromatic scale is more important than the others. This method is called
The twelve - tone system
Which is not true of the compositional style of Charles Ives?
He used mostly consonant harmonies and steady, unchanging meters.
which was not part of the musical career and importance of Bela Bartok?
Developing the serialist technique
Which is not true of Aaron Copland ?
Copland was a great avant garde innovator and was not interested in writing music "for the people"
in chance music, some component of the composition is:
Both determined by the performer and determined by "chance" during composition
Music in which simple melodies, motives, and harmonies are repeated many times over (over and over) is called:
Cultivated music can be defined as :
music brought to America(western are music) and consciously developed
Adding embellishments to a song , as well as using other means of variation in jazz, is called:
Many 20th century composers wrote music we find difficult to listen to. They did this because
They wanted to make a statement or show a reaction to a certain event and they felt it was a natural progression form the romantic Period.
One influence on the development o music in america was
that none of the early settlers were professional musicians
The lack and white excerpt we watched in class from an old television show featured a composition by
the popular music you can hear on the radio today
has the same original foundation as "western art music"
which describes the emotional goal of music in the nineteenth century ?
a search for freedom of individual emotional expression
Which describes romantic composer's view of form?
romantic composers did not allow form to restrain spontaneous creativity, transforming forms as needed.
the romantic period is interesting in the fact that
so many famous composers were born in a short period of time
the romantic composers
enjoyed composing beautiful melodies, but also harmony for its own interesting sound.
the themes of romanticism included
fascination with the supernatural and the macabre and ideas associated with revolution.
the man who started a music magazine, the new music journal, to defend the music of the romantics against public indifference was:
compared to the classical orchestra , the typical romantic orchestra was:
larger and blended tone colors in new ways
the general term for music singing but derived from a poem, story , or other literary source is called.
the technique of having the same theme fragment reappear transformed, rather than just varied is:
which is not an element in thematic unity in romantic music ?
using the same themes in several different symphonies
which of the other arts had the greatest influence on the early romantic composers.
literature, including poetry
the nineteenth century german genre consisting of a musical setting of a short poem for voice and piano is the:
which is not a true of lieder?
lieder generally appear in the of operas where plot action does not move quickly.
in the nineteenth century , what instrument was the most likely to be composed for and played as a solo instrument.
the composer ____ is generally regarded as the most famous flamboyant and greatest pianist of the romantic era
which is not true of fanny mendelssohn ?
her compositions were naturally widely admired during her lifetime because it was easy for women to be respected as composer during her lifetimes .
a concert overture is:
an overture that not connected to any following music, as an opera but does have a programmatic element.
what were the two most important elements of wagner's operatic style ?
gesamtkunstwerk and leitmotiv
An orchestral work composed in one movement with a free form and with a program is called a:
symphonic (tone) poem
what is characteristic of all nationalistic music?
the use of the folk music characteristic of each country
they all rebelled against the idea of nationalism in russia, in favor of amore international style
they all rebelled against the idea of nationalism in russia , in favor of a more international style
which important late romantic composer responded to the unbridled emotionalism of romanticism with a return to more conservative viennese classicism
which late romantic composer responded to unbridled excess in the late romanticism with a bittersweet nostalgia for lost innocence, but still used huge orchestras and unusual, creative orchestration ?
the romantic period composers best known for brilliant and creative orchestrations are:
berlioz and mahler
as we moved through the different periods in music history we have seen
an increase in personal expression of emotion.
the intellectual and philosophical movement called the enlightenment was characterized by:
a newborn concern for problems of public morality, the promotion of universal education an adherence of social injustice
music during the enlightenment was meant to:
have pleasing variety and natural simplicity : entertain
which is not true of Viennese classical music ?
the basic classical orchestra had fewer instruments than the basic Baroque themes
which is true of the use of dynamics in the classical era?
dynamics were specifically notated and more varied; gradual dynamic changes and greater extremes were used
which does not describe the classical composer's approach to harmony ?
composers used figured bass to specify the desired harmony.
How might a classical composer help listeners become familiar with a theme in a composition ?
by repeating it right away
mozarts compositional process was:
nothing short of miraculous as he seemed to have complete compositions flow from him
the major instrumental genre developed by classical symphonies is generally:
a slow movement with beautiful, relaxing melodies.
the second movement in most classical symphonies is generally:
a slow movement with beautiful, relaxing melodies
the third movement in most classical symphonies is generally
a slow movement with beautiful, relaxing melodies
the last movement in most classical symphonies is generally:
the fastest, lightest movement, often a rondo or sonata form
another name for an A B A for with an exposition, a development , and a recapitulation is ____ form
which is true of the key in which the second theme is heard in the exposition?
the second theme is heard in a second key , to which the music has modulated during the bridge section.
the from developed by mozart for the first movement of a concerto is called ___form
in double exposition form:
there are two expositions , the first for the orchestra, the second for the soloist with the orchestra.
in the final section of the first movement of a classical concerto, the soloist improvises a solo passage called a:
if listening to a piano sonata and a piano concerto, i would be able to know the difference between the two
by weather there was an orchestra playing or not
in the DVD version of Don Giovanni played in class , don giovanni
is portrayed as robust and strong willed
which of the following is true about the end of the third movement of symphony no.5 ?
it continues right into the next movement of this work
which best describes beethoven's character as reflected in his music ?
heroic, striving, and triumphant
which describes the struggle involved in the psychological progression of symphony
a heroic struggle with fate, starting out stormy and ending triumphantly in C major
which is true of the style periods of beethoven
they progress from classical (imitative) to heroic to serene ( retrospective)
we watched a dvd of an orchestra playing one of the instrumental pieces we studied in
beethoven's symphony no.5
of the three most important composers of the classical period which is a true statement?
haydn would be considered the most conservative