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191 terms

Music appreciation final

Questions start from last test to the very first test
STUDY
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An aspect of 20th century music that was a change from the past was that
"Classical" music was no longer the "popular" music for the general population.
Which composer was sometimes called an impressionist ?
Claude Debussy
Which is not a modernist approach to melody ?
use of long, sweeping , inspired melodies
the five-note scale playable on the black keys of the piano is called the______scale
pentatonic
The scale in which the octave is divided into six equal intervals, which are all whole steps , is the ____ scale.
whole-tone
the scale in which eight pitches are made to fit into the octave by alternating whole steps and half-steps is the ____scale.
octatonic
the composer who originated serialism was:
Arnold Schoenberg
Serialism was first referred to and defined as the:
the twelve tone system
Which is a form of the twelve- tone row ?
retrograde
In the early twentieth century, harmony:
became more dissonant
Atonal music (most important feature)
Lacks a definite tonal center
The composer of Couds is:
Claude Debussy
The composer of the Rite of Spring is:
Igor stravinsky
The rite of spring is a
ballet
The half -sung and half spoken vocal technique heard in "moonfleck" is:
sprechstimme
The composer of the " The rockstrewn hills join in the people's outdoor meeting" is:
Charles Ives
Who was not one of the leading first-phase avant -garde composers?
Gustav Mahler
What characterizes Debussy's use of tonal color?
he elevated its importance of that of melody, harmony, and form
Which does have anything to do with Clouds?
ballet
Stravinsky was unusual in the fact that he
composed in many different styles and genres
The major works of stravinsky's early period were:
Ballets
Which american musical style caught stravinsky's ear?
Jazz
The artistic movement that came about after WW1 and that signified a rejection of Expressionist emotionality and instead a return to the styles of earlier composers was:
Neoclassicsm
The premier of the right of spring was famous for
the riot by the audience
the events in the rite of spring involve:
primitive fertility rites
The leading expressionist composers were:
Arnold Schoenberg and Alban berg
Schoenberg, Webern, and Berg are often referred to as:
the second Viennese school
Berg's wozzeck
is an opera
The story in Berg's Wozzeck could be described as
dark and full of social commentary
Many consider Wozzeck to be
the ultimate expressionate opera.
in the DVD we saw Wozzeck, the singing was mostly
by a man
Arnold Schoenberg invented a method that guarantees that no one pitch in the chromatic scale is more important than the others. This method is called
The twelve - tone system
Which is not true of the compositional style of Charles Ives?
He used mostly consonant harmonies and steady, unchanging meters.
Music for strings, percussion, and celesta was composed by:
Bela Bartok
The study of folk music of non western is called:
ethnomusicology
which was not part of the musical career and importance of Bela Bartok?
Developing the serialist technique
Which is not true of Aaron Copland ?
Copland was a great avant garde innovator and was not interested in writing music "for the people"
Appalachian Spring is a
ballet about a pioneer celebration in Pennsylvania
Which is true of webern's five pieces for orchestra?
it is concise and atonal
The composer of poeme electronique is:
Edgard varese
Poeme electronique was composed for:
the world's fair in Brussels
The use of recorded sounds from life is called:
musique concrete
electronically produced sound can be generated by a:
synthesiser
in chance music, some component of the composition is:
Both determined by the performer and determined by "chance" during composition
4"33 consists of
any sounds and silence occurring in the performance hall.
Music in which simple melodies, motives, and harmonies are repeated many times over (over and over) is called:
minimalism
with which musical style are steve reich and john's adams associated ?
minimalism
Cultivated music can be defined as :
music brought to America(western are music) and consciously developed
Vernacular music can be defined as:
music that we sing and hear as naturally as our own language
Adding embellishments to a song , as well as using other means of variation in jazz, is called:
improvision
Which is not part of a rhythm section?
clarinet
In our brief history of jazz, the first step was
ragtime
The dates of the musical period "the 20th century" are :
1900 -present
Many 20th century composers wrote music we find difficult to listen to. They did this because
They wanted to make a statement or show a reaction to a certain event and they felt it was a natural progression form the romantic Period.
The particular music that we can say is definitely unique to america is
Jazz
One influence on the development o music in america was
that none of the early settlers were professional musicians
One of the greatest influences on American music is
the music of the african american slaves.
The center of the development of the american musical is and was
New York city (Broadway)
The lack and white excerpt we watched in class from an old television show featured a composition by
cage
the popular music you can hear on the radio today
has the same original foundation as "western art music"
The romantic period is from
1820-1900
which describes the emotional goal of music in the nineteenth century ?
a search for freedom of individual emotional expression
Which describes romantic composer's view of form?
romantic composers did not allow form to restrain spontaneous creativity, transforming forms as needed.
the romantic period is interesting in the fact that
so many famous composers were born in a short period of time
the romantic composers
enjoyed composing beautiful melodies, but also harmony for its own interesting sound.
the themes of romanticism included
fascination with the supernatural and the macabre and ideas associated with revolution.
the man who started a music magazine, the new music journal, to defend the music of the romantics against public indifference was:
robert schumann
Clara schumann was
a pianist and composer
compared to the classical orchestra , the typical romantic orchestra was:
larger and blended tone colors in new ways
the important new member of the romantic orchestra was the
conductor
the general term for music singing but derived from a poem, story , or other literary source is called.
program music
miniatures were usually written
voice and piano or piano alone
which is not an element of romantic grandiose compositions?
greater adherence to formal structure
the technique of having the same theme fragment reappear transformed, rather than just varied is:
thematic transformation
which is not an element in thematic unity in romantic music ?
using the same themes in several different symphonies
the composer of erlkonig
franz schubert
what does the piano part in the erlking bring to mind?
horse hooves
erlking is a:
miniature composition
the composer of eusebius and florestan is
robert schumann
eusebius and florestan are:
character pieces for piano
the composer of the fantastic symphony is:
hector berlioz
fantastic symphony
program symphony
in his fantastic, the composer uses a parody of a chant for the dead which is called:
dies irae
in the fantastic symphony , the idee fixe refers to
the composer's unattainable beloved
who was not a romantic composer ?
wolfgang amadeus mozart
who had the greatest influence on early romantic composers
ludwig van beethoven
which of the other arts had the greatest influence on the early romantic composers.
literature, including poetry
dicterliebe is an example of a :
song cycle
the nineteenth century german genre consisting of a musical setting of a short poem for voice and piano is the:
lied
which is not a true of lieder?
lieder generally appear in the of operas where plot action does not move quickly.
what are the two basic forms of lieder?
strophic and through composed
in the nineteenth century , what instrument was the most likely to be composed for and played as a solo instrument.
piano
which is not a character piece?
march to scaffold by berlioz
chopin was most noted for composing :
character pieces for piano
the composer ____ is generally regarded as the most famous flamboyant and greatest pianist of the romantic era
Franz Liszt
which is not true of fanny mendelssohn ?
her compositions were naturally widely admired during her lifetime because it was easy for women to be respected as composer during her lifetimes .
a concert overture is:
an overture that not connected to any following music, as an opera but does have a programmatic element.
one of the most successful composers of concert overtures was:
felix mendelsohn
a program symphony is a:
romantic symphony that is based on a program
verdi is associated with the opera of :
Italy
in italian opera the element of most importance is:
beautiful singing
the ending of aida
is rather solemn and sad
we watched as excerpt in class from
aida by verdi
wagner is associated with the opera of :
Germany
what were the two most important elements of wagner's operatic style ?
gesamtkunstwerk and leitmotiv
what did wagner cal his new style of opera in the 1850's ?
music drama
wagner was romantic period composer
of great influence, but controversial for some of his beliefs.
in Romeo and juliet the composer
of great influence, but controversial for some of his beliefs.
the composer of Romeo and Juliet is;
pytor ilyich thaikovsky (or chaikovsky)
the first section of pictures at an exhibition depicts:
people walking through an art gallery
An orchestral work composed in one movement with a free form and with a program is called a:
symphonic (tone) poem
in which category is a symphonic poem different from a program symphony?
the number of movements
in which category is a symphonic poem different from a concert overture?
form
which is not composed by chaikovsky ?
the bartered bride
what is characteristic of all nationalistic music?
the use of the folk music characteristic of each country
which of these countries produced romantic nationalistic music?
russia
they all rebelled against the idea of nationalism in russia, in favor of amore international style
they all rebelled against the idea of nationalism in russia , in favor of a more international style
which important late romantic composer responded to the unbridled emotionalism of romanticism with a return to more conservative viennese classicism
johannes brahms
which late romantic composer responded to unbridled excess in the late romanticism with a bittersweet nostalgia for lost innocence, but still used huge orchestras and unusual, creative orchestration ?
Gustav mahler
the romantic period composers best known for brilliant and creative orchestrations are:
berlioz and mahler
the text of the romantic period lied that the class read out loud was :
the erlking
as we moved through the different periods in music history we have seen
an increase in personal expression of emotion.
there are not many important women in history of wester art music. The romantic period had ___?
two
in general, romantic period operas had very happy endings
tragic , sad endings
the romantic period has left us with music that
has beautiful melodies and exciting orchestration
the classical style developed principally in:
vienna
the intellectual and philosophical movement called the enlightenment was characterized by:
a newborn concern for problems of public morality, the promotion of universal education an adherence of social injustice
music during the enlightenment was meant to:
have pleasing variety and natural simplicity : entertain
rousseau desired
simple characters singing natural music in opera
the rise of public concerts gave special impetus to the creation of :
orchestral music
the eighteenth -century public concert included principally
symphonies and concertos
which is not true of Viennese classical music ?
the basic classical orchestra had fewer instruments than the basic Baroque themes
which is true of the use of dynamics in the classical era?
dynamics were specifically notated and more varied; gradual dynamic changes and greater extremes were used
the predominant texture of classical music is:
homophony
which does not describe the classical composer's approach to harmony ?
composers used figured bass to specify the desired harmony.
How might a classical composer help listeners become familiar with a theme in a composition ?
by repeating it right away
francesca lebrun was
a famous opera star and composer in the classical period
Which is not one of the standard classical forms
de capo form
mozarts compositional process was:
nothing short of miraculous as he seemed to have complete compositions flow from him
the composer of sympthony no.40 is?
wolfgang amadeus mozart
the first symphony no.40, by mozart, is in _____form
sonata
the composer of symohony no. 95 is
franz joseph haydn
the following composer worked for the esterhazy family for nearly 30 years
haydn
the major instrumental genre developed by classical symphonies is generally:
a slow movement with beautiful, relaxing melodies.
the second movement in most classical symphonies is generally:
a slow movement with beautiful, relaxing melodies
the third movement in most classical symphonies is generally
a slow movement with beautiful, relaxing melodies
the last movement in most classical symphonies is generally:
the fastest, lightest movement, often a rondo or sonata form
another name for an A B A for with an exposition, a development , and a recapitulation is ____ form
sonata
in the ___ sonata form, there is a single modulation away from the tonic key
exposition
which is true of the key in which the second theme is heard in the exposition?
the second theme is heard in a second key , to which the music has modulated during the bridge section.
in sonata form, which section contains the most modulation?
the development
in what key is the second theme likely to be heard in the recapitulation ?
the tonic key
the optional section in sonata form is
the coda
the section sandwiched between the minuet sections in a minuet is called the:
trio
sonata form
was extremely important in the classical period and important well after as well
the form diagrammed as ABACABA is ____ form?
rondo
the favorite trio featured instrument of the classical sonata ( not sonata form) was the:
piano
how many movements does a classical sonata generally have?
three
the from developed by mozart for the first movement of a concerto is called ___form
double-exposition
in double exposition form:
there are two expositions , the first for the orchestra, the second for the soloist with the orchestra.
in a classical concerto, there is no ___movement
minuet
in the final section of the first movement of a classical concerto, the soloist improvises a solo passage called a:
cadenza
if listening to a piano sonata and a piano concerto, i would be able to know the difference between the two
by weather there was an orchestra playing or not
a string quartet consists of:
two violins,one viola, and cello
the string quartet has as many movements as the:
classical symphony
italian opera in the classical period was called:
opera buffa
opera buffa differed from baroque opera seria in its:
plots, use of castrati, use of ensembles
which accurately describes don giovanni
tragic and comical
in the DVD version of Don Giovanni played in class , don giovanni
is portrayed as robust and strong willed
the composer of symphony no.5 is:
ludwig van beethoven
the first movement of no. 5 is dominated by a repeated :
motive
What is form of the first movement of symphony no.5
sonata form
which of the following is true about the end of the third movement of symphony no.5 ?
it continues right into the next movement of this work
from the condition did beethoven suffer?
deafness
beethoven wrote music in both the ____style , and the _____style
classical; romantic
which best describes beethoven's character as reflected in his music ?
heroic, striving, and triumphant
with which genre is beethoven most closely associated?
symphony
beethoven's personal life was :
chaotic and lonely with episodes of overwhelming despair
which is not a feature of bethoven's symphonic compositional style ?
disregard for classical forms
the scherzo, a fast , triple-meter movement, is similar to the :
minuet
which describes the struggle involved in the psychological progression of symphony
a heroic struggle with fate, starting out stormy and ending triumphantly in C major
music scholars divide beethoven's music into ____distinct style periods
three
which is true of the style periods of beethoven
they progress from classical (imitative) to heroic to serene ( retrospective)
Chamber music can be defined as:
music played by small groups of approximately 2-9 people
the dates of the classical period are:
1720-1820
the dates of mozart's life are:
1756-1791
the dates of beethoven's life are:
1770-1827
we watched a dvd of an orchestra playing one of the instrumental pieces we studied in
beethoven's symphony no.5
in the classical period
symphonies and concertos were the "popular" music of the day
of the three most important composers of the classical period which is a true statement?
haydn would be considered the most conservative
Beethoven changed composing
into a vehicle of self-expression