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AESC 2050 test 1
Terms in this set (90)
culture is made up of:
rituals and language
customs and beliefs
clothing and food
thoughts and values
(t/f) agriculture only concerns the production of food
the human population of the earth recently passed the __________ mark.
which of the following chemicals has american culture established as legal for recreational use while the others listed here are declared illegal.
the top 3 nonperishable storable cereal grains produced globally are:
corn, rice, wheat
which continent has a high population density, but low cereal grain production?
the video "the science of overpopulation" states that in the us we use more water irrigating __________ than any other crop:
the biggest difference between the upper 20% and lower 20% of us income earners in terms of average annual expenditures, is that the upper 20% are able to spend significantly more of their income on:
personal insurance and pensions
the battle of cajamarca in 1532 pitted spanish conquistadors against the ____________.
the seperation between prehistory and history occurred about __________________ years ago with the ____________
5000 the invention of writing
about _________ years ago, humans began ____________________ which scientists believe was the first conscious cultural act
2 million/ tool making
instead of just using biological evolution to adjust to their environment early human also developed through _______, using intellectual and social skills
most scientists believe that agriculture started in what is known as the fertile crescent which is located in (the) modern...
which of the following was not a characteristic of early emerging hominids:
male dominated small families
early hominid males most often took on the dangerous tasks of hunting and defense because...
they were more expendable than the females
homo sapiens sapiens can be translated to:
advantages of the emerging farming lifestyle over nomadic lifestyle did not include:
agriculture allowed humans to produce __________ which led to the creation of _____________ both of which were not known to human culture prior to agriculture
surplus food/ labor specialization
the stage in human development in which a concentrated group of individuals develop sustained advanced social, organizational and culture interactions is known as:
the video "crash course: the agricultural revolution states that early humans tended to concentrate and settle on coasts because
marine life provided an abundant food source
which of the following has stayed relatively stable over the last 100 years in the US agriculture
total number of acres farmed
the land grant college act of 1862 is also known as the
the 2 land grant universities in Georgia are UGA and
fort valley state university
an acre is roughly the size of a
(american) football field
one hectare is roughly equal to _______ acres
for US government tax purposes: a farm is any establishment which is produced and sold or normally would have produced _________ or more of agricultural products during the year
The biggest difference between the united nations and US department of agriculture's definition is:
labor (whether the family provides most of the farm labor or not)
Based on the US Department of Agriculture's definition of a family farm approximately what percentage of US farms are "family farms"?
The average size farm in the US is about _______ acres
Most of the small farms in the US are in the
The first "we are what we eat" national geographic live! video we watched in class focused on the traditional hunting and gathering diet of native people in what country?
Agriculture land suitable for growing crops is known as
agriculture land suitable for rearing animals is known as
the majority of commercial agriculture is conducted in which global climate zone:
the majority of subsistence agriculture is conducted in which global climate zone
what is the best meaning of the term extensive subsistence farming?
when a subsistence farmer works relatively large but low production farm lands
What is the best meaning of the term "intensive subsistence" farming?
when a subsistence farmer concentrates his efforts on small plots of farm land
although relatively large, chicken production in modern India is unusual in that:
it is still -90% a "live" market (consumers buy most of their chickens live)
India loses approximately 40% of their fresh fruit and vegetable crops to rot. Which of the following is not given as a reason for this
The title of the reading assignment associated with the role of international farmers lecture is "the story of south african farming is a _____________________ story"
One of the take home messages from the role of international farmers lecture is:
70-80% of food in the developing world is produced by subsistence farmers
The economy and culture of the american colonies was centered on what agricultural crop?
What agricultural crop became "king" in american around 1800?
Unwittingly _____________ re-invigorated ____________ in the south following his invention around 1800
eli whitney/ slavery
(t/f) working tobacco is early america was back breaking work, thus even small farmers often utilized slaves
This georgia city became an international trade center of activity with the emergence of cotton as the major cash crop in the south:
what had the most devastating effect on king COTTON in georgia, causing its decline?
this georgia city became the "poultry capital of the world" following the development of the vertical integration production processing system there:
What Georgia agricultural commodity can only be produced in an established 20 county area and farmers must be licensed with the state of georgia to package and sell?
In the We are what we eat video at the start pf the domestication lecture, we saw an ocean/seafood based culture in the country of:
What is the SWAG as to why Red Jungle Fowl(wild chickens) were first domesticated in Southeast Asia?
Domestication is the same thing as taming
Approximately what % of the global population is lactose-intolerant (their lactase gene has been turned off in adulthood)?
The mayan culture in Central America believed that the gods mixed their blood with ___________ to create humankind.
About half of the average american diet of vegetables is made up of:
potatoes and tomatos
(t/f)domestication of animals has led to biological and cultural changes in humans
Which of the following is not a preferred trait of domesticated farm animals
high activity level
God gives man dominion over the animals of the earth in which book of the christian bible
Hinduism and buddhism share the religious view of animals that
human ancestors return as animals so animals must be treated with equal respect
The term speciesism is associated with the concept of:
giving preference to species closest to you
in the video "how pigs parts make the world turn" chistien meindersma says the strangest product she found that included pig was ________________ and the most beautiful was ______________.
ammunition/ a heart valve
in 2008 the state of ____________ put proposition 2 on the state's voting ballot, which established minimum housing area requirements for selected farm animals
what animal is at the heart of the debate in animal product testing of cosmetics since their eyes have no tear ducts, making them a popular choice for testing?
(t/f) the CDC in atlanta has published warnings to pet owners of chickens to not hug and kiss their birds due to pathogens (bacteria that can make humans sick).
When did the dust bowl occur in the US?
The natural disaster that was a major factor in causing the dust bowl was:
What book did Dr Kiepper mention in class that tells the plight of one family facing the hardships of the dust bowl?
grapes of wrath
in 1969 the cuyahoga river in ohio:
caught on fire
What book credited with starting the widespread movement of Environmental Awareness in the US in the 1960s?
The first major piece of the US federal environmental legislation passed in 1970 was the
clean air act
Agriculture gets much of the blame for nutrient runoff into surface waters but ___________ is/are a major contributing factor also.
homeowners spreading fertilizer
At the next party you attend, you are going to get everyone to do what dance that you learned in this class?
the mash potato
In 1798, Thomas Malthus wrote an essay warning of the dangers of:
overpopulation of the globe
The average % of annual income spent on food in the US is:
less than 10
One of the key factos of early hominids success was:
The MOST devastating item brought by Europeans to the New World was/were...
(t/f) One of the main advantages of farming was it meant less work compared to nomadic traveling
There are approximately ______________ farms in the US
The majority of our food in the US is produced by:
a small number of large farms
In 1800 approximately ____% of total us jobs were on the farm, today it is ________%
Which of the following has stayed the most STEADY (ie static) in terms of number over the last 100 years:
number of ACRES being farmed
What percentage (%) of US citizens hold a valid US passport?
Most commercial farming is done in ______________ climate zones
Most subsistense farming take place in _______________ climate zones
in 1979 Robert R Oltjen invoked a passage from the _________ to argue that scientists should be free to monitor their own animal research without oversight
The term "speciesism" is associated with the concept of:
human superiority over animals
About __________ years ago, human invented ____________ which delineates history from prehistory
(t/f) Agriculture only concerns the production of food
The human population of the earth recently passed the ______________ mark.
Culture is made up of:
rituals, language, customs, beliefs, clothing, food
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