Package of nucliec acid wrapped in a protein coat (capsid) or lipid envelope
Bacteriophage. (or Phage for short)
a virus that infects bacteria.
DNA: molecule that stores genetic information
subunits which make up nucleotides
single ordouble ring of carbon and nitrogen atoms with funtional groups: adeninine, guanine, cytosine, uracil, or thymine.
Nirtrogenous bases with single ring Cytosine, Thymine, and Uracil
Nitrogenous bases with double rings Adenine and Guanine
DNA Molecule with a twisting shape
process of copying the DNA molecule using several enzymes and binding proteins to unwind, polymerize, and ligate
Enzymes that elongate a complementary strand by adding and binding the nucleotides of the new DNA strand
Process in which DNA sequence is used as a template to the form of a single-stranded complementary RNA molecule
Process in which nuleic acid sequence of mRNA is converted into codes for a amino acid that are binding in the ribosomes to form polypeptides.
Three-base sequence, codes for amino acid
Transcribed from the DNA Molecule in the nucleus, exits the nuclear pores and enters the cytoplasm where ribosomes are located and proteins are synthesized.
Enzymes that joins the RNA nucleotides together during transcription - makes polymers of RNA
mRNA molecule section that is not coded for amino acid and is removed in the nucleus
Process which removes the introns and joins the coding regions
Coding region of RNA transcript - the part that leaves the nucleus and used to code for a protein.
molecule with an amino acid binding site at one end and a three base anticodon that is complementary to codons on the mRNA
change in the nucleotide sequence of DNA
physical or chemical agent that causes a mutation
The most abundant type of RNA, which together with proteins, forms the structure of ribosomes. Ribosomes coordinate the sequential coupling of tRNA molecules to mRNA codons and help catalyze the formation of peptide bonds.
A genetic engineering technique in which a segment of DNA is removed and replaced with another segment.