14 terms

Argumentative Terminology

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Ethos
a rhetorical appeal that focuses on the character or qualifications of the speaker
Fact
a statement that can be proven
Evidence
the available body of facts or information indicating whether a belief or proposition is true or valid
Opinion
a perspective that can be debated
Bias
Prejudice or predisposition toward one side of a subject or issue.
Valid
believable or truthful
Counterclaim
reasoning or facts given in opposition to an argument
Claim
a position statement (or thesis) that asserts an idea or makes an argument for a specific position
Rebuttal
the speech act of refuting by offering a contrary contention or argument
Source
A book, article, person or other resource consulted for information
Credibility
the quality of being trusted or believed
Citation
giving credit to the authors of source information
Pathos
a rhetorical appeal to the reader's or listener's senses or emotions through connotative language and imagery
Logos
a rhetorical appeal to reason or logic through statistics, facts and reasonable examples