95 terms

Health, Medicine and Exercise Vocabulary (4th grade)

Health, medicine and exercise vocabulary
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Terms in this set (...)

ache
A pain in part of your body.
Example: I have a terrible stomach________.
ambulance
This is the vehicle that picks you up when you are injured and takes you to a hospital.
ankle
This joint connects your foot and leg.
appointment
You make an ________ to see the doctor. ("Cita")
arms
"Brazos" in English
bandage
This is a long piece of soft cloth that you tie around an injured part of your body.
bleed
If you have a cut, you _______.
("Sangrar" in English)
blood
The red liquid inside you.
body
"Cuerpo" in English
bones
They are hard and white.
Your skeleton is made of them.
brain
It is an organ.
It controls the body.
It is what lets you think.
break, broke, broken
Verb: "romper" in English
Write: INFINITIVE, PAST SIMPLE, PAST PARTICIPLE
breathe
When you take air into your lungs, you _______. ("Respirar" in English)
chemist
This person works at a pharmacy.
He or she sells medicines.
chin
This is the part of your face below your mouth.
cold
If you sneeze a lot and have a runny nose, you probably have a ______.
("Resfriado" in English)
cough
You might ________ a lot when you are sick.
("Toser" in English)
cut
VERB: to injure yourself with something sharp, such as a knife.
("Cortar" o "corte" in English)
damage
Smoking can ________ your lungs!
(In Spanish: "dañar")
dangerous
If something isn't safe, it is _________.
dead
The opposite of "alive".
Example:
My pet snake died yesterday. I'm very sad because it is _________.
dentist
This is the person who cleans and fixes your teeth.
die
When living things STOP living, they _____. ("Morir" in English)
diet
This is the food you normally eat.
doctor
This is the man or woman who treats people who are ill.
ears
These organs allow you to hear.
earache
When your ear hurts, you can say, "I have an _________"
emergency
A serious situation that needs IMMEDIATE ACTION is an ____________!
(How do you say, "urgencia"?)
exercise
Everyone should DO _________ to stay healthy and fit.
eyes
These organs allow you to see things.
face
This is what you see when you look in the mirror.
(In Spanish: "cara")
fall, fell, fallen
VERB: How do you say "caer"?
Write the INFINITIVE, PAST SIMPLE and PAST PARITICIPLE
feel ill
If you don't feel good, you ____ _____.
feel sick
If you feel like you're going to vomit, you f_____ s_____ to your stomach.
fever
If you have a high temperature, you have a _________.
fingers
You have 5 on your hand.
fit
Someone who is healthy and in shape is _____.
flu
This common illness is caused by a virus. "GRIPE" in English: ______
foot
You wear a shoe on a ______.
("One __________...... two feet.")
get better
The opposite of "get worse" is ___ ______.
Example:
If you follow the doctor's orders, you will ____ ______.
get worse
This means "to get sicker and sicker".
It is the opposite of "get better".

"If you don't take your medicine, you will ____ _______."
go jogging
This means "to run slowly".
G__ J____________
"I don't like running fast, but I ___ _______ almost every day."
gym
This is a place where you can get fit.
gymnastics
This is a sport of flexibility and balance.
(In Spanish: gimnasia)
headache
This is what you call a pain in your head (when your head hurts).
health
A good diet and lots of exercise are good for your H_________. (In Spanish, "salud")
heart
This is the muscle that pumps blood through your body.
heel
This is the back part of a foot.
H______.
hospital
This is where doctors and nurses work.
hurt, hurt, hurt
VERB: "doler" or "hacer daño".
Write the INFINITIVE, PAST SIMPLE and PAST PARTICIPLE.
ill
If you are not well, you are ____.
illness
"Enfermedad" in English.
Example: The flu is an ___________
injure
To hurt or damage. I________
("Lesionar", "herir")
knees
These joints are in the middle of your legs.
lie down
This is something you do when you feel tired and want to rest.
(In Spanish: tumbarse)
medicine
What do you take to treat an illness?
nose
This is the organ that gives us our sense of smell.
nurse
This person takes care of patients in a hospital. N_____
operate
This something a doctor does. They cut someone open and fix them. (VERB)
operation
When a doctor cuts a person's body to repair it or remove a part of it.
How do you say, "cirugía" in English?
pain
This is another word for "ache".
("Dolor" in English)
patient
An ill person in a hospital is a ______.
pharmacy
This is another word for "the chemist's": It is a place where you can buy medicines.
pill
Another word for "tablet" (NOT a computer).
This is a small, round thing that you swallow which contains medicine.
prescription
How do you say, "receta médica".
P____________________
rest
When I had the flu, the doctor told me that I needed to __________.
(In Spanish: "descansar")
shoulders
These joints are at the top of your arms.
sick
Another way to say, "ill".
soap
You wash your hands with _____ and water.
stomach
This is the organ in your digestive system where food is smashed and mixed with acid.
stress
If you have a lot of work or you are very worried about something, you have a lot of ________.
swim
What do you do in a pool?
tablet
This is another way to say, "pill".
It's a small, round thing that you swallow.
thumb
This is the shortest, fattest finger on your hand.
tired
If you have very little energy, you feel _____________.
toes
You have 5 on your feet.
(We do NOT say "fingers"!!!! There is a different name in English for the ones on your feet.)
tooth
One of your teeth is called a "_____".
toothache
If your tooth hurts, then you have a _____________.
toothbrush
You use this with toothpaste, to clean your teeth.
well
If you are healthy, then you are _____.
Example: "How are you feeling? I hope you're ______".
sore
If your throat hurts, you have a _____ throat.
sore
If your muscles hurt, you have ______ muscles.
vomit
Another way to say "throw up".
Example: "Teacher, my stomach hurts a lot. I think I'm going to v______"
I have a headache.
This is another way to say, "My head hurts".
I have a stomach ache.
This is another way to say, "My stomach hurts".
I have a sore throat.
This is another way to say "My throat hurts".
I have sore muscles.
This is another way to say, "My muscles hurt".
injury
This is damage to someone's body.
(In Spanish, "lesión")
I twisted my ankle.
How do you say, "Me torcí el tobillo."?
I fell down.
How do you say, "Me caí".?
I hit my head.
How do you say, "Me di un golpe en la cabeza."?
I hurt my knee.
How do you say, "Me hice daño en la rodilla".?
She kicked me.
How do you say, "Ella me dio una patada".
She hit me.
How do you say, "Ella me pegó".
toothpaste
You use this with a toothbrushf to clean your teeth.

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