the process that occurs when contact between two cultures results in substantial change in the culture of the individual members of one or both groups
ideas or theories about the natural or supernatural world that are not supported by objective or factual evidence
an urbanized society with a large very complex social organization; common attributes of civilizations include: Specialized division of labor, Long-distance trade, Tribute and taxation, Advances in record keeping, Science and mathematics, Some form of written money, Monumental public architecture
a kinship group based on descent through either males or females. Clan members frequently live and work together and believe they are descendants from a common ancestor
the forms and artifacts sequentially placed on the physical landscape by the activities of avarious human occupants
the total way of life of a group of people, including their beliefs, instituitions, and technology
the process of accepting, borrowing, and exhchanging traits from one society ot another, the spatial spreading or dissemination of a culture elemtent
the slow and day-to-day process of learning your group's culture as an infant and a child.
a group of people who share a language,history, or place of origin; a large group of people who have more in common with eachother than they do with other peoples
regarding one's own culture as being superior to others and judging other cultures from the perspective of your own culture
a household that includes not only parents and children, but also other relatives such as grandparents, uncles, aunts, and cousins
the object part of culture; all things that people make or build with natural or human made resources; it includes food, clothing, architecture, artrs, crafts, technology, ect.
social norms that provde the moral standars of a group or society and that are stricly enforced
the idea part of culture wich includes religion, language, spiritual beliefs, superstitions, values, ways of viewing or behahing in the world
a rule or standard that defines what people should or should not do, think, or feel in any given social situation
within a single species, a group of living creatures sharing the same appearance or genetic characteristics. the concept of race among humans is more complicatied and includes socail and cultural, as well as biological assessment
the process by which the accepted values, rules and ways of operating a society are passed on to the young
the attitudes, beliefs, values, and behavioral habits shared by a group of people within a society, which differ from those of the society as a whole.