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34 terms

Culture Vocabulary

world geo
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Acculturation
the process that occurs when contact between two cultures results in substantial change in the culture of the individual members of one or both groups
beliefs
ideas or theories about the natural or supernatural world that are not supported by objective or factual evidence
civlization
an urbanized society with a large very complex social organization; common attributes of civilizations include: Specialized division of labor, Long-distance trade, Tribute and taxation, Advances in record keeping, Science and mathematics, Some form of written money, Monumental public architecture
Clan
a kinship group based on descent through either males or females. Clan members frequently live and work together and believe they are descendants from a common ancestor
cultural geogrpahy
the study of people and their ways of life (human geography)
cultural landscape
the forms and artifacts sequentially placed on the physical landscape by the activities of avarious human occupants
cultrual region
and area of land whre most people have enough in common to be considered a group
cultural trait
a single element of a normal practice ina culture, such as the wearing of a turban
culture
the total way of life of a group of people, including their beliefs, instituitions, and technology
culture hearth
a place in which important ideas begin and thereafter spread to surrounding cultures
custom
a practice from the past that people continue to observe
dialect
a local variation of a language
diffusion
the process of accepting, borrowing, and exhchanging traits from one society ot another, the spatial spreading or dissemination of a culture elemtent
diverstiy
wide variations on features
enculturation
the slow and day-to-day process of learning your group's culture as an infant and a child.
ethnic goup
a group of people who share a language,history, or place of origin; a large group of people who have more in common with eachother than they do with other peoples
ethnocentrism
regarding one's own culture as being superior to others and judging other cultures from the perspective of your own culture
extended family
a household that includes not only parents and children, but also other relatives such as grandparents, uncles, aunts, and cousins
folkways
traditional social customs
gender roles
the pattern of behavior texpected of males and females in a society
laws
standardized and formalized norms that regulate conduct
material culture
the object part of culture; all things that people make or build with natural or human made resources; it includes food, clothing, architecture, artrs, crafts, technology, ect.
monotheism
belief in one god
mores
social norms that provde the moral standars of a group or society and that are stricly enforced
non-material culture
the idea part of culture wich includes religion, language, spiritual beliefs, superstitions, values, ways of viewing or behahing in the world
norm
a rule or standard that defines what people should or should not do, think, or feel in any given social situation
polygamy
the marriage of a person ot more than one wife or husband
polytheism
belief in many gods
race
within a single species, a group of living creatures sharing the same appearance or genetic characteristics. the concept of race among humans is more complicatied and includes socail and cultural, as well as biological assessment
religion
beliefs and practices regarding supernatural beings, power, and forces
socialization
the process by which the accepted values, rules and ways of operating a society are passed on to the young
subculture
the attitudes, beliefs, values, and behavioral habits shared by a group of people within a society, which differ from those of the society as a whole.
technology
the methods, tools, and machinery that humans have developed
value
an idea about what is good, right, wise or beneficial