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Terms in this set (52)
The Second Triumvirate disintegrated into a power struggle between
Octavian and Marc Antony.
Augustus was praised as "Father of the Fatherland" in part because
he used his personal wealth to increase his power and popularity.
Marcus Aurelius, an emperor highly educated in law, embraced the customs of ________ at a very young age.
Like Alexander, Augustus increased the strength of his army by
recruiting noncitizens into the army.
If a woman bore three children, Roman law exempted the woman from
Roman physicians believed that sexual intercourse
weakened men but did not have the same impact on women.
Local amphitheaters in major Roman cities provided a venue for
expressions of Roman power, virtue, and generosity.
Septimius's reforms may have kept some of Rome's problems at bay, but the legacy of ________ threatened Rome's stability.
an expensive and powerful army
Diocletian organized the government into a tetrarchy, which divided the empire into
The most important factor in the so-called "fall of Rome" was
invasions of people from the north.
New philosophies like Neoplatonism typically attracted ________ people, as had the similar philosophies of the Hellenistic kingdoms.
Septimius and his wife portrayed themselves as
Isis and her consort Serapis
Herod rose to power in Hebron, and with the support of ________ the Roman Senate made him king of Judea.
For the Zealots, ________ was a crucial event that shaped their approach toward the problem of maintaining a Jewish identity.
the Maccabean revolt
Like many others in the Roman world, the apostles believed that ________ indicated divine presence.
prophecy and miracles
In the earliest period of the spread of Christianity, converts usually met in
the houses of other converts.
In the third century, emperors trying to quell a crisis tried to force all subjects of the empire, with the exception of the Jews, to
worship the imperial cult.
Once the empire embraced Christianity, ________ became the backbone of imperial governance and increasingly handled secular affairs.
The Donatist heresy was a split among Christians over
whether the behavior of a priest effected the validity of the sacraments.
In Confessions, Augustine argued that
original sin was passed on to new generations through semen.
Christians fled to the desert to escape
persecution and taxes.
Augustus devised a system of government led by a single ruler, the emperor. However, he did not resolve the mechanism by which emperors would succeed one another. As a consequence, his death in 14 C.E. was followed by
rule by a series of emperors related to Augustus's family.
the worship of Ahura Mazda.
Everyday life in the Roman territories was transformed as Christianity gained more and more adherents. Which one of the following statements does NOT accurately describes these transformations?
Christians weren't supposed to read the epic poems of Virgil and Homer.
Antony married Octavian's sister but then traveled to Egypt to join forces with Cleopatra.
With the introduction of the principate, the Senate's power declined and it lost control of elections.
Augustus created a foreign service of men drawn from the equestrian class.
In Virgil's famous epic, Aeneas overcame his passions and was rewarded with a vision of Rome as an empire.
Augustus's immediate successors were sober, competent men who ruled the empire ably if not gloriously.
The Five Good Emperors were noted for their integrity and for restoring power to the Senate.
The need to control extensive borders meant that many emperors spent years of their rule traveling.
Augustus offered non-Roman subjects the opportunity to gain citizenship and land in the colonies through military service.
The Romans jealously hoarded their private wealth and shunned philanthropic projects.
Roman law attempted to encourage higher rates of childbirth and strengthen the family.
Galen the physician believed that most diseases were caused by imbalances among the four humors.
Romans were forced against their will to attend public executions and gladiator contests on a daily basis.
The expansion of the army increased political stability in the empire.
Luxury spending and grain subsidies led to a currency shortage in the western part of the Roman Empire.
Diocletian attempted to solve the economic crisis by freezing prices and wages.
The site chosen by Constantine for his new capital enjoyed both easy defense and access to eastern trade routes.
After Constantine, Romans treated the Visigoths badly and were eventually defeated by them at the Battle of Adrianople.
Neoplatonists believed that people could cultivate divinity within themselves.
The Pharisees resisted Hellenization and adhered to rules and rituals that set them apart from non-Jews.
The followers of Jesus refused to identify themselves with Jews after his crucifixion by Pontius Pilate.
Paul of Tarsus promoted dietary restrictions for Jews.
Christians were persecuted with increasing frequency in the third century C.E.
Constantine's mother toured Jerusalem and Palestine to identify sacred places, especially those linked to the life of Jesus.
Christian ideals of sacrifice encouraged Roman enthusiasm for gladiator shows and customs like exposure.
Communal monasteries provided support for those seeking spiritual fulfillment through solitude, asceticism, and self-denial.
During the first half of the fourth century, Roman Emperors tried to diffuse tensions along their northern borders by inviting Germanic tribes to settle in Roman territory and become allies. This diplomatic strategy failed and the Germans invaded the Italian peninsula and sacked Rome in 410.
Emperor Marcus Aurelius, influenced by Stoicism, wrote the Meditations.
The earliest followers of Jesus, including the apostles Peter and James who founded the Jesus movement after Jesus' crucifixion, identified themselves as non-Jews.
How is the relationship between Antony and Cleopatra?
How did the Sabine womens' fathers respond to the loss of their wives and daughters? What was the eventual outcome?
What does the term Shi Huangdi mean?
What were the reasons FOR THE FALL OR ROME?
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