35 terms

Food & Nutrients (en construcción)

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Terms in this set (...)

nutrients
Substances in food that your body needs to grow, to repair itself, and to supply you with energy
proteins
nutrients that help build body cells and tissue
carbohydrates
nutrients that give us energy such as starch & sugar
starch
a carbohydrate that's the main food energy source for human beings
sugar
a carbohydrate that provides energy quickly
fats
Provides energy for the body when carbohydrates are not available & is needed to make cell membranes
vitamins
nutrients that we need in small quantities to make our body work well; they don't provide energy; not minerals
minerals
nutrients that we need in small quantities to make our body work well; they don't provide energy (Eg. iron & calcium)
fibre
material in food that helps the digestive system work properly; it cannot be digested
water
it makes up 60-70% of our body and can be considered a nutrient
diet
the type of food and drinks that you have
energy
the ability to do work
balanced diet
a combination of the correct types and amounts of food
deficiency disease
you get this if you don't eat enough of a particular nutrient
Vitamin C
It helps to make strong skin and boost your immune system; you can get it from citrus fruits
Vitamin D
needed to make bones and teeth; you can get it from dairy products
iron
needed to make haemoglobin, which carries oxygen in blood; you can get it from red meat and green vegetables
calcium
needed to make bones and teeth; you can get it from dairy products & fish
scurvy
your skin becomes weak and you get sores because of Vitamin C deficiency; you can lose teeth
rickets
your legs may become bent as the bones are very weak because of Vitamin D deficiency
anaemia
the blood can't carry enough oxygen and you feel tired because of iron deficiency
calcium deficiency
your bones and teeth may become weak
Bread, pasta and rice
good sources of starch and a bit of protein
dairy products
Good sources of protein, fat & calcium
fruit and vegetables
good source of fibre and vitamins
sweet things
contain a lot of sugar
Fish, meat, eggs and nuts
good souces of protein
tooth decay
caused by too much sugar or a calcium deficiency
heart disease
caused by eating too much fat
diabetes
a disease where the body can't use sugar normally;you can get it from being obese
obesity
Having an excessive amount of body fat from eating too much fat & carbohydrates; it can cause damage to joints, heart disease and diabetes
iodine solution
it's used to test for starch in food
Benedict's solution
it's used to test if food has sugar
starch in food
the iodine turns blue-black
sugar in food
the Benedict's solution changes colour

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