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22 terms

Ch. 9 and ch. 10 history exam

STUDY
PLAY
era of good feelings
a newspaper term used to describe the two terms of President James Monroe. during this period, ther was only one major political party, the democratic-republicans; it was therefore assumed that political discord had evaporated.
acquisition of florida
(JMon) Jackson gets Spain, praised by Adams and Monroe, not by Senate or House
ultimatum
a final peremptory demand
monroe doctrine
an American foreign policy opposing interference in the Western hemisphere from outside powers
clays american system
developing transportation systems and other internal improvements, establishing a protective tariff and resurrecting the national bank
james monroe
5th president, begins expansionism including Florida and Missouri, as well as reigning over the Era of Good Feelings
John quincy adams
Secretary of State, He served as sixth president under Monroe. In 1819, he drew up the Adams-Onis Treaty in which Spain gave the United States Florida in exchange for the United States dropping its claims to Texas. The Monroe Doctrine was mostly Adams' work.
John c calhoun
South Carolina Senator - advocate for state's rights, limited government, and nullification
henry clay
United States politician responsible for the Missouri Compromise between free and slave states (1777-1852)
industrial revolution
the transformation from an agricultural to an industrial nation
textiles
cloth
cotton gin
a machine that separates the seeds from raw cotton fibers
missouri compromise of 1820
this agreement of 1820 allowed all new states north of the line to enter the union as free staes;it would keep an even balance of power in the senate-12 free states and 12 slave states . The boundary line would be parallel 36-30, a line running west from the southern boundary of Missouri.
election of 1824
No one won a majority of electoral votes, so the House of Representatives had to decide among Adams, Jackson, and Clay. Clay dropped out and urged his supporters in the House to throw their votes behind Adams. Jackson and his followers were furious and accused Adams and Clay of a "corrupt bargain."
national republicans
supporters of a strong central government who favored road building and supported the Bank of the United States to shape the nation's economy; many were farmers or merchants
national republicans
supporters of a strong central government who favored road building and supported the Bank of the United States to shape the nation's economy; many were farmers or merchants
samuel slater
He memorized the way that the British made machines and he brought the idea to America. He made our first cotton spinning machine.
eli whitney
United States inventor of the mechanical cotton gin (1765-1825)
king cotton
cotton and cotton-growing considered, in the pre-Civil War South, as a vital commodity, the major factor not only in the economy but also in politics.
36 30
line above which all future bondage was prohibited in the Louisiana Purchase
corrupt bargain
In the election of 1824, none of the candidates were able to secure a majority of the electoral vote, thereby putting the outcome in the hands of the House of Representatives, which elected John Quincy Adams over rival Andrew Jackson. Henry Clay was the Speaker of the House at the time, and he convinced Congress to elect Adams. Adams then made Clay his Secretary of State.
democrats
The largest political party in Sweden, who pushed for social reform legislation, and drew support from community and socialist and capitalist working together.