Basic Drawing Terminology List for Final Exam
Study Guide for Final Exam in Basic Drawing Class, (CGD110).
Terms in this set (55)
Departure from representational accuracy.
Values used in judging a work of art involving reasons for finding a work of art beautiful.
The effect of air and light on how an object is percieved by the viewer. The mere air between viewer and the object, the more the object seems to fade. A bright object seems closer to the viewer than a dull object.
Imaginary lines that indicate center, movement, and the direction of movement in form.
of design that deals with arranging visual elements in a work of art equally. The two types of this principle are: symmetrical/formal and asymmetrical/informal.
The technique of shading through smooth, gradual application of dark value.
The method of arranging light and shadow in two-dimensional art to create the illusion of three-dimensional form. This technique was introduced by Italian artists during the Renaissance and used widely by Broque. Rembrandt is on most famous for the technique.
in which all of the forms are contained within the edges of the picture plane.
the way the art principles are used to organize the art elements of color, line, shape, form, space, value, and texture.
The idea, feeling, mood, or message expressed by an art work.
Lines creating boundaries that seperate one area from another. Lines define edges and surface ridges of objects and figures.
A technique and a principle of art creating a focal point by using distinct difference in elements.
Technique for shading with a series of fine parallel lines (hatching) and by using two or more crossed sets of parallel lines.
the apparent distance near to far or front to back in an artwork.
Lines that slant.
The stretching of an object or figure out of normal shape to communicate ideas and feelings.
The line of seperation in a drawing between two shapes.
Emphasis / Focal Point
, and the area of a work that first attracts the viewer's attention. This can be drawn in various ways.
The human form in art work.
Fixed Point of View (Station Point)
the exact position of the viewer's eye in relation to the subject matter.
Method of drawing or painting an object or person so that it seems to go back into space. This method
reproduces the portions a viewer actually sees.
of art that is three-dimensional and encloses space. An artist's way of using elements of art, shapes with clearly defines outlines.
the overall shapes and sizes of the drawing surface.
Shapes or Forms that are irregular and uneven. These shapes are often natural / organic.
Loose arm movement making a quick sketch.
Perfect ratio (relationship of parts) discovered by Euclid, a Greek philosopher. Its mathematical expression is 1 to 1.6. It is also referred to as the
Pattern of intersecting vertical and horizontal lines. (Not a shading technique!)
In two-dimensional art, shapes with clearly defined outlines.
These are small white areas in a drawing or painting. A reflection of most light.
Lines parallel to the horizon. Lines lie flat and are parallel to the bottom edge of the paper.
of art that is a continuous mark made on a surface with a pointed, moving tool. Type of lines: curvy, zigzag, thick, thin, bold, curly, wavy, etc.
of using lines in drawing and painting to create the illusion of depth on a flat surface. All receding lines meet at a single point or different sets of lines meet at different parts.
Material such as paint, glass, metal, pencil, etc. used to make an art object.
of art referring to the emptiness or area between, around, above, or within objects / things / figures.
Lines that move in the same direction and always stay the same distance apart never crossing.
of design that repeats elements to create good visual flow.
used to create the illusion of depth on a two-dimensional surface. Developed during the Renaissance by architect, Fillippo Brunelleschi. Various ways to create this depth are overlapping, coverging lines, size variations, etc.
Any flat level or surface.
Shapes or forms in two or three-dimensional art. Empty space around these shapes or forms is its opposite.
of design concerned with the size relationship of one part to the whole and one part to the other.
To move back or become more distant.
of design that repeats elements to create the illusion of moment / seem active / or to suggest vibration.
The relationship of sizes between one form and another.
of art that is two-dimensional and encloses space. They can either geometric or free-form.
A technique for determining the proportional relationship of one part of an object to another. Use pencils as a visual measuring tool.
Quick, rough drawing without much detail that can be used as a plan or reference for later work.
In two dimensional art, shapes with fuzzy, blurred outlines.
Drawing inanimate (non-moving) objects.
Visual images that stand for or represent something else.
of art that refers to how things feel or how they look like they might
on the surface.
of design that allows the viewer to see a combination of elements, principles, and media as a whole.
of art that deals darkness or lightness.
Three-dimensional quality inherent in every form.
The 7 Elements of Design / Art:
Line, shape, form, color, texture, value, and space.
The Principles of Design / Art:
Contrast, balance (symmetrical, and asymmetrical), movement, rhythm, unity, pattern, harmony, proportion, emphasis, and variety.