Principles of the united stats constitution
Terms in this set (53)
A form of government in which power is divided between the federal, or national, government and the states
necessary and proper (elastic clause)
Gives Congress the powers to pass all laws necessary to carry out their constitutional duties; "elastic" clause (Art. I, Sec 8, clause 18)l
marbury v. madison
This case establishes the Supreme Court's power of Judicial Review
Powers held jointly by the national and state governments
Powers not specifically granted to the federal government or denied to the states belong to the states and the people
1. The president appoints federal judges with consent of the Senat
Article VI of the Constitution, which makes the Constitution, national laws, and treaties supreme over state laws when the national government is acting within its constitutional limits
framers ( of the u.s. constitution )
A legal process whereby an alleged criminal offender is surrendered by the officials of one state to officials of the state in which the crime is alleged to have been committed
powers that congress has that are specifically listed in the constitution
Certain powers are denied to the national government
the preamble to the u.s. constitution
The beginning of the U.S. Constitution, lists the goals of the government
article I of the u.s. constitution
describes the legislative branch (Congress), its duties and powers, and qualifications for its members
article II of the u.s. constitution
is about the executive branch, which consists of the President and Vice-President, enforces laws
article III of the u.s. constitution
Part of the Constitution that establishes the judicial branch of the federal government.
article IV of the u.s.s constitution
provided for cooperation among the states; the creation and admission of new states; regulation of U.S. territory; and certain obligations of the federal government to the states
article V of the u.s. constitution
The process for amending the Constitution after ratification.
article VI of the u.s. constitution
made the U.S. Constitution, laws made pursuant to it, and treaties made under the authority of the U.S. the supreme law of the land
article VII of the u.s. constitution
Ratification of the U.S. Constitution
A council of representatives
house of representatives
the lower legislative house of the United States Congress
A person who makes laws
make laws, bills, etc. or bring into effect by legislation
A group of people who have the power to make laws
A formal decision to reject the bill passed by Congress.
Review by a court of law of actions of a government official or entity or of some other legally appointed person or body or the review by an appellate court of the decision of a trial court
declaration of independence
the document recording the proclamation of the second Continental Congress (4 July 1776) asserting the independence of the colonies from Great Britain
articles of confederation
A weak constitution that governed America during the Revolutionary War
A charter of liberty and political rights obtained from King John of England by his rebellious barons at Runnymede in 1215.
1620 - The first agreement for self-government in America. It was signed by the 41 men on the Mayflower and set up a government for the Plymouth colony
A formal accusation of misconduct in office against a public official
2 houses, Senate: everybody gets 2 senators, House: Population, 3 branches
3/5 of a states population for taxation and representation
A voting system that apportions legislative seats according to the percentage of the vote won by a particular political party.
separation of powers
Constitutional division of powers among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches, with the legislative branch making law, the executive applying and enforcing the law, and the judiciary interpreting the law.
checks and balances
A governmental structure that gives each of the three branches of government some degree of oversight and control over the actions of the others.
freedom of choice
A person is said to be just if he or she treats people fairly and equally no matter how much money they have, clothes they wear, car they drive, color of their skin or religious beliefs.
A change in, or addition to, a constitution or law
a budget is balanced when current expenditures are equal to receipt
A law making body made of two houses (bi means 2). Example: Congress (our legislature) is made of two house - The House of Representatives and The Senate.
bill of attainder
A law that declares a person, without a trial, to be guilty of a crime
bill of rights
The first ten amendments of the U.S. Constitution, containing a list of individual rights and liberties, such as freedom of speech, religion, and the press.
Representing, characterized by, or including members from two parties or factions
A group of advisers to the president.
clear and present danger
law should not punish speech unless there was a clear and present danger of producing harmful actions
A procedure for terminating debate, especially filibusters, in the Senate.
Those powers, expressed, implied, or inherent, granted to the National Government by the constitution
A system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state, typically through elected representatives
A device by which any member of the House, after a committee has had the bill for thirty days, may petition to have it brought to the floor
to keep peace among the people