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flat, raised areas of land made up of nearly horizontal rocks; their edges rise steeply from the area around them.
form when rock layers are squeezed from opposite sides, causing the rock layers to fold like a rug pushed up against the wall
form when tilted blocks of rock are separated by faults from the surrounding rock.
line of the global grid running from the North Pole to the South Pole through Greenwich, England; starting point for measuring degrees of east and west longitude
Earth is divided into 24 of these zones, each about fifteen degrees of longitude wide and exactly one hour different from the zones on either side of it.
International Date Line
located at the 180* meridian and where the calendar dates begin and end at midnight.
made when points and lines on the globe's surface are trnsferred onto paper; all projections distort the shapes of landmasses.
used mainly on ships and project lines of longitude parallel to each other, resulting in area distortions but correct continent shapes
keeps lines of latitude parallel and lines of longitude curved, resulting in less distortion near the poles.
made by projecting points and lines from a globe onto a cone and are useful for relatively small middle-latitude regions.
is the relationship between the distances on the map and the distances on Earth's surface.
show the arrangement of rocks at the Earth's surface; computers can generate three-dimensional views of Earth's surface features.
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