Chapter 6 and 7 Test Study Guide

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To be a native born citizen, 35 years of age, and a resident of the US for 14 years
What are the qualifications for the presidency?
Fulfills the presidents position if anything happens to him, presides over the Senate, and represents the US oversees
What are the duties of the VP?
The VP succeeds the president, the Speaker of the House succeeds the VP, and the 20th amendment gave the power of presidential succession to Congress
What are the rules for succession for the presidency?
He is the commander in chief and the foreign policy leader. The commander in chief is the head of all US armed forces, but cannot declare war. His job as the foreign policy leader is to appoint diplomats to represent the US gov in foreign countries, meet with leaders of foreign nations, and to creat treaties with other nations
What are 2 roles of the president? Explain.
He has the power to appoint Supreme Court justices, reprieve, pardon, and commute
What are the special powers of the president?
A group of people of close advisors to the president
What is the executive office/cabinet of the president?
To serve as the Presidents principal adviser on US foreign policy, advises the president regarding the acceptance, recall, and dismissal of the representative of foreign governments, and supervised the administration of US immigration laws abroad
What are the responsibilities of the Department of State?
They are responsible for providing the military forces needed to deter war and protect the security of our country
What are the responsibilities for the Department of Defense?
The Department of the Treasury manages Federal finances by collecting taxes, paying bills, and by managing currency, government accounts, and public debt. The Department of Transportation is responsible for planning and coordinating federal transportation projects and setting safety regulations for all major modes of transportation
What are two of the executive departments? Explain.
A power of Congress when both the president and VP die
Presidential Succesion
Televised speech, that is presented in January, that sets forth the policies and programs the president wants set into effect that specific year the speech is given
State of the Union Address
The art of interacting with foreign governments
Diplomacy
Written agreements
Treaties
Postpones the carrying out of a person's sentence
Reprieve
Forgives a person for his or her crime and eliminates the punishment
Pardon
The act of reducing a persons sentence
Commutation
The title of most cabinet members
Secretary
The only cabinet member without the title of secretary and head of the Department of Justice
Attorney General
Highest ranking US operatives in foreign terrain
Ambassadors
The official residence of ambassadors in foreign terrain
Embassy
Represents US commercial interests in foreign countries
Consul
Found in most large foreign cities
Consulate
Formal documents that allow US citizens to travel abroad
Passports
Allows foreigners to come to the US
Visas
Highest ranking military offices of each of the armed forces
Joint Chiefs of Staff
It is a department created to protect from and prevent future terrorist attacks
What is the Department of Homeland Security?
Created by Congress to perform a specialized job
Independent Agencies
A type of dependent agency
Regulatory Commision
To succeed the President if anything happens to him in any way, presided over the Senate, and represent the US oversees
What is the VP's role in government?
It limited the president to serve just 2 terms
What limitation did the 22nd amendment place on the terms of the presidency?
So the American Public can know what policies and programs the President wants to put into effect the specific year the speech is given
What is the purpose of the State of the Union address?
Congress can declare war and the President can send troops to foreign nations without declaring war for a time period of 60-90 days
What different military powers do the president and Congress have?
They are the highest ranking military officers of each of the armed forces
Who are the Joint Chiefs of Staff?
It gives him the help of the VP, Congress, and cabinet
How does the Executive Office of the President serve the president?
To prevent the president from controlling a given agency
Why are the independent agencies separate from the executive departments?
It has a h power to make rules and bring violations to court
What distinguishes a regulatory commission from other independent agencies?
The US is a nation of laws because laws are society's rule of protection
How is the US a nation of laws?
Statutory law, common law, military law, constitutional law, administrative law
What are 5 sources of law in the US?
It is the job of the courts to apply and interpret the laws and to resolve disputes that arise under them
What roles do the courts play in the US?
Any behavior that is illegal because of society, through its government, considers the behavior harmful to society
Crime
Refers to the group of laws that define what acts are crimes
Criminal Law
The group of laws that refer to disputes between people
Civil Law
Laws that are passed by law-making bodies
Statutory Law
A type of law that comes from judges decisions that rely on common sense and previous cases
Common Law
The type of law created by government agencies
Administrative Law
Laws that have been developed to meet the needs of the military
Military Law
Law that involves the interpretation and application of the U.S. Constitution and state constitutions
Constitutional Law
Earlier decisions made by courts that are later relied upon by judges
Precedent
The process by which the person asks a higher court to review the result of the trial
Appeal
A courts extent or scope of authority that court has to hear and decide a case that has properly been brought before it
Jurisdiction
District courts
What are the lowest courts?
Trial courts of original jurisdiction
District Courts
The authority of a court to hear and decide a case for the first time
Original Jurisdiction
The second lowest form of the federal court system
Courts of Appeals
The power to review decisions made by lower courts
Appellate Jurisdiction
Supreme Court judges
Justices
A power that allows courts to decide whether a law or a president action is in agreement with the Constitution
Judicial Review
Return
Remand
Explains the reasoning that led to the decision
Opinion
When a justice agrees with the decision of the majority
Concurring Opinion
Explains why the justice believes the majority opinion is wrong
Dissenting Opinion