35 terms

ANFS240 Lab 1 Terms

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Cranial
toward the head
Cuadal
toward the tail
Lateral
away from the midline
Medial
toward the midline
Dorsal
toward the spine or "back"
Ventral
away from the spine or toward the "belly"
Anterior
in the "forward" direction if the animal were to walk
Posterior
in the backward direction if the animal were to walk
Superior
In the standing animal, toward the top-most part of the body in elevation
Inferior
In the standing animal, toward the bottom-most part of the body in elevation
Proximal
Closer to the center of the body
Distal
Further from the center of the body
Superficial
toward the surface of the body or skin
Deep
Away from the surface of the body or skin
Palmar
term for caudal anywhere on the limb from the carpus and distal (forearm)
Plantar
term for caudal anywhere on the limb from the tarsus and distal (hindlimb)
Volar
relating to the ventral aspect or weight bearing aspect of a foot, hind-paw, hind-hoof, or talon
Rostral
toward the nose
Caudal
toward the back of the head
Supine (Supination)
laying down with the dorsal surface on the ground
Prone (Pronation)
laying down with the ventral surface on the ground
Lateral Recumbency (Left or Right)
laying on the side; in left lateral recumbency the left side is on the ground, in right lateral recumbency the right side is on the ground
Cranial Segment
associated with the skull; the head or cranium region
Cervical Segment
associated with the cervical vertebrae; the neck/cervical region
Thoracic Segment
associated with the thoracic vertebrae; the chest or thorax region
Lumbar Segment
associated with the lumbar vertebrae; the abdominal region
Sacral Segment
associated with the sacral vertebrae; the pelvis or hip region
Coccygeal Segment
associated with the sacral vertebrae; the tail region
Cranial Cavity
the space within the skull which holds the brain
Oral Cavity
the space within the mouth
Nasal Cavity
the space within the nose
Thoracic Cavity
the space within the body wall at the thoracic segment
Abdominal Cavity
the space within the body wall at the lumbar segment
Pelvic Cavity
the space within the body wall at the sacral segment
Diaphragm
a muscle creating the border between the thoracic and abdominal cavities