14 terms

ANFS240 Lab Terms 2

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Functional Body Systems
organ systems
Organ Systems
composed of organs (stomach, heart, etc.)
Organs
composed of various tissues
Tissues
composed of cells which have similar form and function
Various Cell Types
have certain common organelles (mitochondria, golgi, etc.) which are responsible for the specialized nature of the cell's function and form
Integumentary System
thin organ that covers the entire body, protects the underlying tissues from injury, drying, and bacterial invasion, and helps regulate body temperature, excretes water and salts through sweat glands, senses the environment and synthesizes vitamin D3
Muscles
contractile organs responsible for movement
Striated Muscles
skeletal and cardiac
Involuntary Smooth and Cardiac Muscles
responsible for breathing, heartbeat, peristaltic motion of the gastrointestinal tract and blood vessel constriction
Voluntary or Skeletal Muscles
allow for motion of one body part relative to another
Bone
hard, semi-rigid calcified connective tissue
Skeletal System
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Nervous System
control center allowing the body to react to the environment, and it stores, integrates, and initiates all appropriate responses to information
Central Nervous System
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