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Honors World Studies Semester 2 Test #5 (Domsitz)
**If I am missing any information or anything is wrong just let me know*
Terms in this set (23)
Following the French Revolution _____________________ ___________________ appeared on the scene in France.
Napoleon Bonaparte invaded Egypt in 1798, but the English fleet destroyed his transport ships isolating his army. At this point he learned of the formation of the ______________ _______________ and the desperate position of the _______________.
Second Coalition, Directory
Napoleon Bonaparte abandoned his army, eluded the British fleet, and returned to France. He made his Egyptian adventure seem like a great triumph and appeared to many people as the savior of the nation. He quickly entered into a ___________________ and overthrew the _______________ by force on November 9, 1799.
A new government, the _________________, was set up with Napoleon Bonaparte as ___________ ____________. He had a sharp mind with a remarkable capacity to grasp problems and make decisions quickly.
Consulate, first consul
Napoleon Bonaparte turned his attention to military matters and defeated armies of the _______________ ________________. ______________ made peace in 1801 and _______________ in 1802.
Second Coalition, Austria, England
The consulate lasted 5 years a period during which Napoleon Bonaparte carried out a number of important reforms. What were three of these reforms?
A: He centralized the government B: He increased the government's efficiency and power C: He offered stability and internal order to all who were willing to work for him D: All remaining privileges were swept away for good E: Promotion and rank whether in government or in the army were based on proven ability regardless of social origin F: The reform tax system which had been introduced in principle in 1789 became a matter of practice after 1799 G: Inflation was stopped and the national debt stabilized H:The modernization of French law in a series of 5 codes known collectively as the code of Napoleon (only need to know 3)
What was Napoleon Bonaparte's most famous reform? All of his reforms firmly established throughout the land a principle of _____________ ______________ ______ ________.
The modernization of French law in a series of 5 codes known collectively as the code of Napoleon, equality before the law
Napoleon Bonaparte ruled France for 15 years. 5 years as _________ ___________ and 10 years as ______________.
First consul, emperor
The short lived peace of 1802 was broken in 1803. By 1805 a Third Coalition of _____________, ______________, and _____________ had formed against France.
Britain, Austria, Russia
With amazing speed Napoleon Bonaparte defeated the armies of Austria and Russia in a series of battles. Only ______________ with its navy continued to defy Napoleon Bonaparte after. Lord _______________ ______________ destroyed the French fleet at the battle of ___________________ in 1805. British naval supremacy was secure and _________________ ___________ ______ _____ _____________________.
England, Horatio Nelson, Trafalgar, England could not be invaded
Through his ________________ Napoleon Bonaparte also controlled other states in Europe. Napoleon Bonaparte even took the pope prisoner and declared the ______________ _________ to be a part of France.
Brothers, papal states
Since Napoleon Bonaparte could not defeat the British navy, he decided to ruin England through economic warfare. He realized that much of the wealth of England depended on its large ____________ _______ ____ ______________. He therefore declared all of Europe closed to ____________ _________ and even persuaded ____________ to comply with this.
Export trade to Europe, British goods, Russia
First imposed in 1806 the ______________________ _____________ was a failure largely because the British were able to ______________ __________ ________________ particularly in __________ __________________.
Continental system, develop other markets, Latin America
By 1812, Napoleon Bonaparte resolved to crush _____________. The loss of trade with Britain seriously injured the Russian economy and Tsar Alexander withdrew from the continental system in 1810. The Russian withdraw angered Napoleon Bonaparte who assembled a huge army of more than _______________ men and he invaded Russia in the summer of _________.
Russia, 500,000, 1812
It had always been Napoleon Bonaparte's strategy to ___________ ______ _______ ___________ as his army progressed through enemy territory. The Russians would deploy what came to be called the ________________ __________ _______________.
Live off the land, scorched earth strategy
What was the scorched earth strategy?
As the French army approached, the Russian people would evacuate and burn or kill anything they couldn't take with them
After 5 weeks Napoleon Bonaparte finally ordered a generally retreat. No more than ____________ of his men returned to France alive. The rest of his men perished in ___________, ________________, and __________ __________.
30,000, battles, blizzards, snow drifts
Russia and Prussia announced a war of ________________ and joined by Austria defeated Napoleon at the battle of ____________ AKA the battle of _____________.
Liberation, Leipzig, nations
Napoleon Bonaparte's empire crumbled rapidly and the invasion of France in 1814 forced him to surrender and __________________ his emperor. The victorious allies restored the __________________ monarchy and _____________ _______, a brother of Louis XVI, took the throne. The victors banished Napoleon Bonaparte to the island of ________ off the west coast of Italy.
Abdicate, Bourbon, Louis XVIII, Elba
Hearing that the victors were quarreling among themselves, Napoleon Bonaparte escaped from Elba and landed in France. For a period of _______ ________ he reigned as emperor.
Napoleon Bonaparte's return reunited the allies. The end came at the Belgium village of ________________ in 1815. Here the British ________ ____ ____________________ aided by a Prussian army under ________________ ______ _________________ destroyed the French army. Napoleon Bonaparte was then banished to the island of _____ _____________ in the south Atlantic where he died in 1821.
Waterloo, Duke of Wellington, Gebhard Von Blucher, St. Helena
What was 3 things that happened in all the countries conquered by the French?
A: Constitutions were drawn up B: Remnants of feudalism were wiped out C: Napoleonic codes with their principles of equality before the law were established D: Church land was confiscated E: The Church was made subordinate to the state F: Religious toleration toward non-Catholics became the law *
G:The metric system on weights and measures was adopted
* (only need to know 3 total, but must know G because it is important)
The importance of the reforms lay in the fact that they streamlined government and society and thereby helped modernize them, but in no instance was Napoleon interested in promoting the principle of ______________ ________________.
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