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Unit Basic Terms and Dates - US History - Give Me Liberty 5th Edition - Chapters 1, 2, & 3
Give me liberty 5th edition ch 1&2
Terms in this set (84)
What was Tenochtitlán?
Capital of the Aztec Empire
Who were the Aztecs?
Ancient civilization that was located in what is present-day Mexico City
Great League of Peace
An alliance of the Iroquois tribes, originally formed sometime between 1450 and 1600, that used their combined strength to pressure Europeans to work with them in the fur trade and to wage war across what is today eastern North America.
What were caravels?
ships that used triangular sails to sail against the wind, and had rudders to improve steering (allowed the Portuguese to explore the African coast)
What was the Columbian Exchange?
The exchange of goods and ideas between Native Americans and Europeans
Who were the Creoels?
Descendents of Spanish-born but born in Latin America; resented inferior social, political, economic status.
What were haciendas
Large Spanish colonial estates usually owned by wealthy families but worked by many peasants
Who were the Meztizos?
The percentage of people born to Spanish and Native parents
A document written by Martin Luther and posted on a church door in Germany that listed 95 things that Luther saw wrong with the church (started Lutherism)
Who was Bartolomé de Las Casas?
A Catholic priest that came with Columbus and told him to treat the Natives like actual people. He saw the mistreatment and wrote books/stories on it.
What was the repartimiento system?
A system by which the Spanish crown allowed colonists to employ Indians for forced labor
What was the Black Legend?
English claim that the Spanish were brutal to justify their own conquest.
What was the Pueblo Revolt?
The Pueblo Indians rebelled against the Spanish colonies in present-day New Mexico for forcing the Indians to convert to Christianity
Who were the Métis?
People of mixed Native American and French Canadian descent
What is a borderland?
A meeting place of peoples where geographical and cultural borders are not clearly defined
When was Columbus's first voyage to the Americas?
When was the Pueblo revolt?
When was Jamestown founded?
When did the House of Burgesses form?
When did the Pilgrims land at Plymouth?
When did Virginia become a royal colony?
When was the Massachusetts Bay Colony founded?
When was Maryland founded?
When was the Pequot War?
When was the English Civil War?
What was the Roanoke Colony?
The first attempted colony in the Americas (1584). it ultimately failed
What was the Virginia Company?
Joint-Stock Company in London that received a charter for land in the new world. Charter guarantees new colonists same rights as people back in England.
What is the Anglican Church?
church that King Henry VIII of England creates so that he can marry and divorce as he pleases
What was the enclosure movement?
The process of consolidating small landholdings into a smaller number of larger farms in England during the eighteenth century.
Who were indentured servants?
Colonists who received free passage to North America in exchange for working without pay for a certain number of years
Who was John Smith?
Leader of the Jamestown colony
What was the headright system?
Englishmen who could pay their own Atlantic crossing were granted 50 acres of land; indentured servants
What was the House of Burgesses?
The first legislative assembly in the American colonies
What was the Uprising of 1622?
Unsuccessful uprising of Virginia Native Americans that wiped out one-quarter of the settler population, but ultimately led to the settlers gaining supremacy.
What are dower rights?
The right of a married woman to one-third of her husband's property in the event that he died before she did.
Who were the puratins?
A group of Protestants who want to "purify" England of all traces of Catholicism and Anglicanism.
Who was John Winthrop?
Puritan governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony. Speaker of "City upon a hill"
Who were the Pilgrims?
English Protestants who rejected the Church of England -- Separatists
What was the Mayflower compact?
A document signed by men on the Mayflower, they agreed to work together and make decisions together, led to self-government in the colonies
What was the Great Migration?
21,000 Puritans had emigrated to Massachusetts, (flow of population)
Who/what were the Dissenters?
Protestants that belonged to other denominations than the established church
When and what happened during the Pequot War?
1637 The Bay colonists wanted to claim Connecticut for themselves but it belonged to the Pequot. The colonists burned down their village and 400 were killed.
What was the Half-Way Covenant? What was its effect?
A Puritan church document; In 1662, the Halfway Covenant allowed partial membership rights to persons not yet converted into the Puritan church; It lessened the difference between the "elect" members of the church from the regular members; Women soon made up a larger portion of Puritan congregations.
What was English liberty?
Idea that the English king was subject to the rule of law and that all free persons should enjoy security of person and property.
What was the Maryland Toleration Act?
An act that was passed in Maryland that guaranteed toleration to all Christians.
When was the first Navigation Act issued by Parliament?
When did England take over New Netherland? What did it become?
1664, New York
When did settlers first come to Carolina?
When was King Philips war?
1675 - 1676
When was Bacon's Rebellion?
When was William Penn granted Pennsylvania?
When was the Glorious Revolution in England?
When did Parliament enact a Bill of rights?
When did Parliament pass the Toleration Act?
When was Plymouth absorbed into Massachusetts?
When were the Salem Witch Trials?
When did Virginia pass the slave code?
Who was Metacom?
Native American chief who fought against English colonists in the King Philip's War
What was King Philip's War?
Early, bloody conflict between English colonists and Native Americans
a system of creating and maintaining wealth through carefully controlled trade
What were the Navigation Acts?
Laws that governed trade between England and its colonies. Colonists were required to ship certain products exclusively to England. These acts made colonists very angry because they were forbidden from trading with other countries.
What was the Covenant Chain?
The alliance of the Iroquois with New York, then with the British Empire and its other colonies. The Covenant Chain became a model for relations between the British Empire and other Native American peoples.
What was the Yamasee uprising?
An uprising in Carolina by Indians sparked by fears over trade debts owed to colonists.
Who were the Quakers?
English dissenters who broke from Church of England, preache a doctrine of pacificism, inner divinity, and social equity, under William Penn they founded Pennsylvania
What were plantations?
Large areas of land where mostly cotton was grown and processed.
What was Bacon's Rebellion?
A rebellion lead by Nathaniel Bacon with backcountry farmers to attack Native Americans in an attemp to gain more land
What was the Glorious Revolution?
the invasion of England by William of Orange, who overthrew James II with almost no bloodshed
What was the English Bill of Rights?
1689 laws protecting the rights of English subjects and Parliament
What were the Lords of Trade?
Established in 1675 by England to oversee colonial affairs.
What is the Dominion of New England?
An administrative union of English colonies in the New England region of North America.
What was the English Toleration Act?
A law of 1690 that allowed all Protestants to worship freely.
What were the Salem Witch Trials?
a series of hearings and prosecutions of people accused of witchcraft in colonial Massachusetts
Who were the Redemptioners?
A term for indentured families.
What was the Walking Purchase?
A treaty supposedly signed by William Penn and Lenape chiefs that gave Penn the land west of the Delaware River as far "as a man can go in one day and a half."
What was the backcountry?
A frontier region extending through several colonies, from Pennsylvania to Georgia
What are staple crops?
a crop that is continuously in demand -- corn, rice, beans, squash...
What is Christian Liberty?
Liberty was seen as freedom from sin
What was 'Indian Freedom'?
Ideas of self determination and collective belonging
Who was Nuñez de Balboa?
Crossed what is now Panama and "discovered" Pacific Ocean.
Who was Magellen?
First to circumnavigate the world
Who was Pizarro?
Spanish explorer who conquered the Incas in Peru
Who was Cortés?
Spanish conquistador who defeated the Aztecs
What responsible for Indian Devastation?
war, enslavement and disease
What was the justification for Spanish conquest
belief in cultural superiority and the spread of religion
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