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123 terms

Unit 3&4 Vocab Douet

STUDY
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abridge
(v.) to make shorter
abridges
Travel by air _____________ the time needed to reach far-distant places.
abridge
SYNONYMS: shorten, condense, abbreviate
ANTONYMS: expand, enlarge, augment
adherent
(n.) a follower, supporter; (adj.) attached, sticking to
adherents
The senator's loyal _______________ campaigned long and hard for her reelection.
adherent
Before we could repaint the walls of our living room, we had to remove an ________________ layer of wallpaper.
adherent
SYNONYM: (n.) disciple
ANTONYMS: (n.) opponent, adversary, critic, detractor
altercation
(n.) an angry argument
altercation
A noisy ________________ in the next apartment kept me awake for hours.
altercation
SYNONYMS: quarrel, dispute, squabble
ANTONYMS: agreement, accord
cherubic
(adj.) resembling an angel portrayed as a little child with a beautiful, round, or chubby face; sweet and innocent
cherubic
How well those photographs of the month-old twins capture the _______________ expressions on their faces!
cherubic
SYNONYMS: angelic, seraphic, beatific
ANTONYMS: impish, devilish, diabolic, fiendish
condone
(v.) to pardon or overlook
condone
Our parents have always made it crystal clear to us that they do not _______________ rude behavior.
condone
SYNONYMS: ignore, wink at, turn a blind eye to
ANTONYMS: censure, condemn, disapprove, deprecate
dissent
(v.) to disagree; (n.) disagreement
dissent
Justices have an option to ______________ from a ruling issued by a majority of the Supreme Court.
dissent
Some people give voice to their ______________ on issues of public policy by writing letters to newspapers.
eminent
(adj.) famous, outstanding, distinguished; projecting
eminent
A group of _____________ scientists met to discuss long-term changes in Earth's climate.
eminent
SYNONYMS: illustrious, renowned
ANTONYMS: obscure, nameless, unsung, lowly, humble
exorcise
(v.) to drive out by magic; to dispose of something troublesome, menacing, or oppressive
exorcise
We must do all we can to ______________ the evils of hatred and prejudice from our society.
exorcise
SYNONYMS: expel, dispel
fabricate
(v.) to make, manufacture; to make up, invent
fabricate
Threads from the cocoons of caterpillars called silkworms are used to _______________ silk.
fabricate
SYNONYMS: put together, devise, contrive, concoct
ANTONYMS: take apart, undo, destroy, demolish
irate
(adj.) angry
irate
Long delays caused by bad weather are likely to make even the most unflappable travelers _____________.
irate
SYNONYMS: incensed, infuriated, enraged, livid
ANTONYMS: calm, composed, cool, unruffled
marauder
(n.) a raider, plunderer
marauder
Edgar Allen Poe's story "The Gold Bug" concerns treasure buried by the ______________ Captain Kidd.
marauder
SYNONYMS: looter, pirate, freebooter
obesity
(n.) excessive fatness
obesity
Sooner or later, ______________ leads to all sorts of serious health problems.
obesity
SYNONYMS: serious overweight, extreme corpulence
ANTONYMS: emaciation, gauntness, scrawniness
pauper
(n.) an extremely poor person
paupers
During the Great Depression, many people were reduced to leading the desperate lives of _______________.
pauper
SYNONYM: destitute person
ANTONYMS: millionaire, tycoon
pilfer
(v.) to steal in small quantities
pilfers
An employee who ______________ from the petty cash box will get caught sooner or later.
pilfer
SYNONYMS: filch, rob, swipe, purloin
rift
(n.) a split, break, breach
rift
Failure to repay a loan can be the cause of an angry _____________ between longtime friends.
rift
SYNONYMS: crack, fissure, gap, cleft
ANTONYM: reconciliation
semblance
(n.) a likeness; an outward appearance; an apparition
semblance
Despite a bad case of stage fright, I tried to maintain a _______________ of calm as I sang my solo.
semblance
SYNONYMS: appearance, air, aura, veneer, facade
ANTONYMS: dissimilarity, contrast, total lack
surmount
(v.) to overcome, rise above
surmounted
Wilma Rudolph ________________ childhood illness and physical disabilities to win three Olympic gold medals.
surmount
SYNONYMS: conquer, triumph over
ANTONYMS: be vanquished, be defeated, succumb to
terminate
(v.) to bring to an end
terminate
If you fail to perform your job satisfactorily, your boss may ________________ your employment.
terminate
SYNONYMS: conclude, finish, discontinue
ANTONYMS: begin, commence, initiate
trite
(adj.) commonplace; overused, stale
trite
When you write an essay or a story, be especially careful to avoid using ______________ expressions.
trite
SYNONYMS: banal, hackneyed, corny
ANTONYMS: original, novel, fresh, innovative
usurp
(v.) to seize and hold a position by force or without right
usurped
The general who led the coup _______________ the office of the duly elected president.
usurp
SYNONYMS: seize illegally, commandeer, supplant
abscond
(v.) to run off and hide
absconded
The thieves who _______________ with several of the museum's most valuable paintings have never been found.
abscond
SYNONYMS: bolt, make off, skip town
access
(n.) approach or admittance to places, persons, things; an increase; (v.) to get at, obtain
Access
_________________ to information on a seemingly unlimited number of topics is available over the Internet.
access
You need a password in order to ________________ your e-mail accounts.
access
SYNONYMS: (n.) entry, admittance, entrée
ANTONYM: (n.) total exclusion
anarchy
(n.) a lack of government and law; confusion
anarchy
In the final days of a war, civilians may find themselves living in _________________.
anarchy
SYNONYMS: chaos, disorder, turmoil, pandemonium
ANTONYMS: law and order, peace and quiet
arduous
(adj.) hard to do, requiring much effort
arduous
No matter how carefully you plan for it, moving to a new home is an _______________ chore.
arduous
SYNONYMS: hard, difficult, laborious, fatiguing
ANTONYMS: easy, simple, effortless
auspicious
(adj.) favorable; fortunate
auspicious
My parents describe the day that they first met as a most ________________ occasion.
auspicious
SYNONYMS: promising, encouraging, propitious
ANTONYMS: ill-omened, ominous, sinister
biased
(adj.) favoring one side unduly; prejudiced
biased
Athletes in certain sports may complain that judges are ______________ toward particular competitors.
biased
SYNONYMS: unfair, partial, bigoted
ANTONYMS: fair, impartial, unprejudiced, just
daunt
(v.) to overcome with fear, intimidate; to dishearten, discourage
daunt
Despite all its inherent dangers, space flight did not _______________ the Mercury program astronauts.
daunt
SYNONYMS: dismay, cow
ANTONYMS: encourage, embolden, reassure
disentangle
(v.) to free from tangles or complications
disentangle
Rescuers worked for hours to ________________ a whale from the fishing net wrapped around its jaws.
disentangle
SYNONYMS: unravel, unwind, unscramble, unsnarl
ANTONYMS: tangle up, ensnarl, snag
fated
(adj.) determined in advance by destiny or fortune
fated
The tragic outcome of Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet is ________________ from the play's very first scene.
fated
SYNONYMS: destined, preordained, doomed
ANTONYMS: accidental, fortuitous, chance, random
hoodwink
(v.) to mislead by a trick, deceive
hoodwink
Many sweepstakes offers ______________ people into thinking they have already won big prizes.
hoodwink
SYNONYMS: dupe, put one over on
ANTONYMS: undeceive, disabuse, clue in
inanimate
(adj.) not having life; without energy or spirit
inanimate
Although fossils are ______________, they hold many clues to life on Earth millions of years ago.
inanimate
SYNONYMS: lifeless, dead, inert, spiritless
ANTONYMS: living, alive, energetic, lively, sprightly
incinerate
(v.) to burn to ashes
incinerate
Because of environmental concerns, many cities and towns no longer _______________ their garbage.
incinerate
SYNONYMS: burn up, cremate, reduce to ashes
intrepid
(adj.) very brave, fearless, unshakable
Intrepid
_______________ Polynesian sailors in outrigger canoes were the first humans to reach the Hawaiian Islands.
intrepid
SYNONYMS: valiant, courageous, audacious, daring
ANTONYMS: timid, cowardly, craven, pusillanimous
larceny
(n.) theft
larceny
Someone who steals property that is worth thousands of dollars commits grand ______________.
larceny
SYNONYMS: stealing, robbery, burglary
pliant
(adj.) bending readily; easily influenced
pliant
The ______________ branches of the sapling sagged but did not break under the weight of the heavy snow.
pliant
SYNONYMS: supple, flexible, elastic, plastic
ANTONYMS: rigid, stiff, inflexible, set in stone
pompous
(adj.) overly self-important in speech and manner; excessively stately or ceremonious
pompous
Political cartoonists like nothing better than to mock ______________ public officials.
pompous
SYNONYMS: pretentious, highfalutin, bombastic
ANTONYMS: unpretentious, unaffected, plain
precipice
(n.) a very steep cliff; the brink or edge of disaster
precipice
During the Cuban missile crisis, the world hovered on the ________________ of nuclear war.
precipice
SYNONYMS: cliff, crag, bluff, promontory, ledge
ANTONYMS: abyss, chasm, gorge
rectify
(v.) to make right, correct
rectify
The senators debated a series of measures designed to _______________ the nation's trade imbalance.
rectify
SYNONYMS: remedy, set right
ANTONYMS: mess up, botch, bungle
reprieve
(n.) a temporary relief or delay; (v.) to grant a postponement
reprieve
A vacation is a kind of ______________ from the cares and responsibilities of everyday life.
reprieve
A judge may ______________ a first-time offender from jail time until sentencing.
reprieve
SYNONYMS: (n.) stay, respite; (v.) postpone, delay
ANTONYM: (v.) proceed
revile
(v.) to attack with words, call bad names
reviles
The enraged King Lear ______________ the daughter who have cast him out into a fierce storm.
revile
SYNONYMS: inveigh against, malign, vilify, denounce
ANTONYMS: praise, acclaim, revere, idolize