11 terms

Contemporary period glossary

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break out
To start suddenly
rise up against
To revolt against someone or something
Enlightenment
A movement in the 18th century that promoted Reasoning and the rights of individuals over traditional thought.
Constitution
A system of values and laws by which a country, state or organisation is ruled.
Liberty
The freedom to which everybody is entitled.
Social right
Moral or legal entitlement to have or do something regarding social aspects such as: the right to education, right to housing, right to adequate standard of living and the right to health.
Nobility
A social class in aristocracy, normally ranked immediately under royalty.
Clergy
All the people who are ordained for religious duties, especially in the Catholic Church.
Absolutist monarchy
Form of government in which the king/queen has absolute power and is not restricted by laws or a constitution.
peasant
A small farmer or farm labourer of a low social rank.
aristocracy
Social rank of the most wealthy and privileged