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Terms in this set (25)
Feeling, or affect, that occurs when a person is in a state of interaction that is important to him or her. It is characterized by behavior that reflects (expresses) the pleasantness or unpleasantness of the state a person is in or the transactions being experienced.
Emotions that are present in humans and other animals and emerge early in life; examples are joy, anger, sadness, fear and disgust.
Emotions that require self-awareness, especially consciousness and a sense of "me"; examples include jealousy, empathy, and embarrassment.
A rhythmic pattern usually consisting of a cry, a briefer silence, a shorter inspiratory whistle that is higher pitched than the main cry, and then a brief rest before the next cry.
A variation of the basic cry, with more excess air forced through the vocal cords.
A sudden appearance of a long, initial loud cry without preliminary moaning, followed by breath holding.
A smile that does not occur in response to external stimuli. It happens during the month after birth, usually during sleep.
A smile in response to an external stimulus, which early in development is typically a face.
An infant's fear and wariness of strangers; it tends to appear in the second half of the first year of life.
An infant's distressed crying when the caregiver leaves.
Involves individual differences in behavioral styles, emotions, and characteristic ways of responding.
A child who is generally in a positive mood, quickly establishes regular routines in infancy, and adapts easily to new experiences.
A child who tends to react negatively and cry frequently, engages in irregular daily routines, and is slow to accept change.
A child who has a low activity level, is somewhat negative, and displays a low intensity of mood.
Goodness of Fit
Refers to the match between a child's temperament and the environmental demands with which the child must cope.
"Reading" emotional cues in others to help determine how to act in a particular situation.
A close emotional bond between two people.
An observational measure of infant attachment that requires the infant to move through a series of introductions, separations, and reunions with the caregiver and an adult stranger in a prescribed order.
Securely Attached Babies
Babies who use the caregiver as a secure base from which to explore the environment.
Insecure Avoidant Babies
Babies who show insecurity by avoiding the caregiver.
Insecure Resistant Babies
Babies who often cling to the caregiver, then resist the caregiver by fighting against the closeness, perhaps by kicking or pushing away.
Insecure Disorganized Babies
Babies who show insecurity by being disorganized and disoriented.
Developmental Cascade Model
Involves connections across domains over time that influence developmental pathways and outcomes.
Socialization that is bidirectional; children socialize parents, just as parents socialize children.
Practice in which parents time interactions so that infants experience turn taking with the parents.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Chapter 2, Pt. 1
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