Terms in this set (22)
the continuous process by which water moves from Earth's surface to the atmosphere and back
the change of state from liquid water to a gas (water vapor)
the change of state from a gas (water vapor) to liquid water
any form of water that falls from clouds and reaches Earth's surface (rain, snow, sleet, or hail)
evaporation of water from the leaves of a plant into the atmosphere
water that flows over the ground surface rather than soaking into the ground
a channel through which water is continually flowing downhill
smaller streams and rivers that flow into a main river
large natural stream of water that runs through the land
a landform made of sediment that is deposited where a river flows into an ocean or lake
an area or ridge of land that separates waters flowing to different rivers, basins, or seas.
a ridge of land that separates one watershed from another
five factors that increase runoff
little to no vegetation, heavy rain, soil with a large percentage of clay, steep slope, high groundwater levels
a body of rock or sediment that stores groundwater and allows the flow of groundwater.
a well in which water rises because of pressure within the aquifer
water that fills the cracks and spaces in underground soil and rock layers
a process by which nutrients, particularly phosphorus and nitrogen, become highly concentrated in a body of water, leading to increased growth of algae or cyanobacteria and low oxygen levels causing fish kills
a measure of the cloudiness of water
movement of saltwater into an aquifer, which may cause contamination
a fountain of water and steam that builds up pressure underground and erupts at regular intervals.
a flow of groundwater that emerges naturally at the ground surface
the process by which water on the surface enters the soil and subsurface
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