50 terms

Chapter 6 Examen

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When to use imperfect subjunctive
1) "ser" adj + que (era/sería)
2) DIE verbs
3) negative or indefinite antecedents
4) ESCAPA
When to use imperfect indicative
1) ser VOCCES + que
2) no dudar, no negar, pensar, creer, estar seguro (a)
3) definite/known antecedents
4) THELCD
always use the subjunctive after ________________
ESCAPA
En caso de que
in case

Escapa
Sin que
without

eScapa
Con tal de que
as long as / provided that

esCapa
Antes de que
before

escApa
Para que
so that

escaPa
A menos que
unless

escapA
After a few conjunctions of time, the subjunctive is used if it refers to an action that has not yet occurred. the subjunctive is used (after the conjunction) if the phrase talks about an action that will happen in the future
...
tan pronto como
as soon as

THELCD
hasta que
until

tHelcd
en cuanto
as soon as

THE LCD
después de que
after

THELCD
cuando
when

THE LCD
luego que
after

THE LCD
FOR ESCAPA:

if the main clause is in the present indicitave then the subordinate clause is in the _____________________
present subjunctive
FOR ESCAPA:

if the main clause is in the preterite indicative then the subordinate clause is in the ___________________
imperfect subjunctive
THELCD conjunctions only invoke the subjunctive if the expression that follows the conjunction has NOT YET been completed; (the action occurs in the future)
...
FOR THELCD:

if the main clause is in the future then the subordinate clause is in the __________________
present subjunctive
FOR THELCD:

if the main clause is a command then the subordinate clause is in the ____________________
present subjunctive
FOR THELCD:

if the main clause is in the present indicative (but refers to the future) then the subordinate clause is in the ___________________
present subjunctive
FOR THELCD:

if the main clause is in the present indicative (but refers to a habitual action) then the subordinate clause is in the ___________________
present indicative
FOR THELCD:

if the main clause is in the preterite then the subordinate clause is in the ___________________
preterite
FOR THELCD:

if the main clause is in the imperfect indicative then the subordinate clause is in the ____________________
imperfect indicative
the imperfect subjunctive is ALWAYS used after the expression ____________
como si
dar
(impft. subJ)
diera
dieras
diera
diéramos
dieran
sentir
(impft. subJ)
sintiera
sintieras
sintiera
sintiéramos
sintieran
decir
(impft. subJ)
dijera
dijeras
dijera
dijéramos
dijeran
ser
(impft. subJ)
fuera
fueras
fuera
fuéramos
fueran
jugar
(impft. subJ)
jugara
jugaras
jugara
jugáramos
jugaran
morir
(impft. subJ)
muriera
murieras
muriera
muriéramos
murieran
The rules of the subjunctive are the same in the present and the past. First you have to decide if the phrase requires the subjunctive, the indicative, or the infinitive. Then we must see the verb of the main clause to see if it is in the present or in the past to decide how to conjugate the verb of the subordinate clause
...
main clause tense that is in imperfect indicative leads to _____________________ in subordinate clause
imperfect subjunctive
main clause tense that is in the future leads to _____________________ in subordinate clause
present subjunctive
main clause tense that is in present progressive leads to _____________________ in subordinate clause
present subjunctive
main clause tense that is in future perfect leads to _____________________ in subordinate clause
present subjunctive
main clause tense that is in present indicative leads to _____________________ in subordinate clause
present subjunctive
main clause tense that is in future perfect leads to _____________________ in subordinate clause
present subjunctive
main clause tense that is in conditional leads to _____________________ in subordinate clause
imperfect subjunctive
main clause tense that is in conditional perfect leads to _____________________ in subordinate clause
imperfect subjunctive
main clause tense that is in the preterite leads to _____________________ in subordinate clause
imperfect subjunctive
main clause tense that is in imperfect progressive leads to _____________________ in subordinate clause
imperfect subjunctive
main clause tense that is in past perfect leads to _____________________ in subordinate clause
imperfect subjunctive
main clause verb tenses that lead to the PRESENT (or present perfect) SUBJUNCTIVE in the subordinate claue
"present" indicative

commands, future, present progressive, present perf (ind), future perfect, present indicative
main clause verb tenses that leas to the IMPERFECT SUBJUNCTIVE in the subordinate clause
imperfect indicative, conditional, preterite, conditional perfect, imperfect progressive, past perfect indicative
aunque
subj: even if
indicative: even though / although
a pesar de que
subj: even if
indicative: despite (the fact) / in spite (of)
mientras (que)
subj: as long as
indicative: while
siempre que
subj: as long as / provided that
indicative: whever