WH ch. 17 study-guide

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Terms in this set (...)

natural law
rules discover able by reason
john locke
17th century English thinker who thought of ideas that were key to the enlightenment
social contract
agreement that gave up freedom for organized government
natural right
rights that belonged to all humans from birth
philosopher
thinkers that could lead to reforms of government, law, and society
Montesquieu
was an influential thinker who studied governments in europe
diderot
worked for years to produce 28 volume set of books called encyclopedia
explain what convinced educated Europeans to except power of reason?
Scientific successes were convinced Europeans to except power of reason
Explain how the Scientific Revolution contributed to enlightenment achievements?
Philosophers started to think against the scientists and have their own beliefs
censorship
restricting access to ideas and information
salons
informal social gatherings between philosophers and artists
baroque
huge colorful paintings
rococo
light elegant paintings
enlightenment
European movement emphasizing reason
Why were philosophers interested in sharing their beliefs with European rulers?
rulers were trying to reform old policies of government to make them stronger
what did those opposed to enlightenment ideas do to stop the spread of information?
using censorship by banning and burning books of writers
George III
king of England for 60 years
stamp act
imposed taxes
George Washington
Virginia planter and soldier
Thomas Jefferson
principle author of declaration of independence
Popular sovereignty
all government power comes from the people
Yorktown Virginia
Washington was forced to surrender here
Treaty of Paris
Treaty that ended the war between British, America, and the French
James Madison and Ben Franklin
gathered in Philadelphia to write the constitution
Federal Republic
power divided between federal, or national government
list and explain the enlightenment ideas that were used in declaration of independence
1. all people are given certain rights, 2. government's legitimacy comes from consent of governed, 3. (from enlightenment) government's main purpose is to protect rights of the people
what is meant by "no taxation without representation?"
means that the colonists were angry at the British for taxing and the colonists started to rebel because of it
What were the advantages of the colonist going into revolution?
American were fighting for their rights, independence, and their liberty(freedom)
Explain the influence of the enlightenment ideas on Bill of Rights
Bill of rights - reflected a key of enlightenment idea because it limits what the government can do and does to protect the rights of people
Explain the influence of the enlightenment ideas on constitution
constitution - ideas were based on John Locke's ideas of letting people choose their leaders and power. And Montesquieu's ideas with power of separation and checks and balances. With Rousseau's ideas of direct democracy. And Voltaire's ideas of religious freedom