CLIMATE REGIONS OF CANADA
Terms in this set (8)
This is a maritime climate, where the moderating effect of the Pacific Ocean keeps most coastal locations above freezing during winter, and cool during summer. Relief Precipitation along the coast is very high, especially in winter when the Polar-front jet stream moves southward allowing moist Pacific winds to reach this area. Many people find this moderate climate attractive, and move to the west coast to escape the harsh winters of the Canadian interior.
this area of many different climates extends from southern British Columbia to the northern Yukon. Locations only a few kilometers apart may have very different temperature and precipitation patterns. West facing windward slopes receive a great deal of relief precipitation while leeward slopes and interior valleys are very dry because of rain shadow conditions.
In the heart of the country, this Prairie region is a continental climate. In winter, cold, dry, polar air blankets the land, and in the summer, the air is warm and dry. This results in a wide annual temperature range: winters are very cold and summers are very hot. It is quite dry in this region because it is in the rain shadow of the Western Cordillera. Cyclonic storms bring moisture throughout the year, but most rainfall occurs in the summer from convectional precipitation.
This has a continental climate, where winters are cold and summers are warm. throughout the year, precipitation results from cyclonic storms. In the summer, convectional precipitation also occurs when the land heats up
The taiga region has cold winters, which may last more than six months, and short, cool summers. Precipitation occurs mainly in the summer from convectional precipitation. A small amount of winter precipitation is the result of cyclonic storms.
The arctic region has a very harsh climate; summer is very short and cool, and in the most northerly locations, winter lasts as long as 10 months. It is really a cold desert, receiving less than 350 mm of precipitation each year. Precipitation is low because the Arctic Ocean and other bodies of water are frozen for most of the year, and there is very little evaporation.
The Atlantic Climate region has a maritime climate where the Atlantic ocean moderates the temperatures, so the winters are not as cold, and the summers are not as hot as continental locations. The prevailing westerlies bring cyclonic storms throughout the year. Some parts of this region receive as much precipitation as parts of the Pacific Maritime climate region.
This area has both continental and maritime characteristics although most of the region has a continental climate, with a ride range of temperatures. Maritime climate conditions are evident in areas near the great lakes and the Atlantic Ocean. Cyclonic precipitation occurs all year in the southeastern climate region. The prevailing winds bring storms from the west and storms from the south move up from he Gulf of Mexico. The low summer maximum is due to convectional precipitation.