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60 terms

MILADY CHAPTER 19

MRS. G CLASS AT EUPHORIA TEE-TEE
STUDY
PLAY
Specialized preparations designed to help equalize porosity and deposit a base color in one application.
Fillers
A system for understanding the relationships of color is called
The Law of Color
A lightener that is strong enough for high lift blonding, but gentle enough fo use on the scalp
Cream Lightener
A product that is prepared by combining permanent hair color, hydrogen peroxide and shampoo
Highlighting Shampoo Tint
A mixture of shampoo and hydrogen peroxide creates a
Highlighting Shampoo
A no lift deposit only color that adds shine and tone to the hair is called a
Glaze
A process that lightens and clors hair in a single application is known as
Single-process haircoloring
A patch test is generally conducted behind the ear or on the
Inside of the elbow
A combination of equal parts of prepared tint and shampoo that is applied to hair like regular shampoo is called a
Soap cap
Contains a powdered oxidizer that is added to hydrogen peroxide to increase its lifting power
Activator
After the hair goes through the 10 stages of decolorizing, the color that is left in the hair is known as its
Foundation
An example of a natural or vegetable hair color obtained from the leaves or bark of plants is
Henna
Chemical compounds that lighten hair by dispersing, dissolving and decolorizing the natural hair pigment are
Decolorizers
Colored mousses and gels are considered to be what haircolor catagory
Temporary
Colors achieved by mixing equal parts of two primary colors are called
Secondary colors
Colors tones that are golden, orange, red and yellow are considered to be
Warm tones
Colors tone that are blue, green, and violet are considered to be
Cool tones
Equal parts of blue and yellow mixed together create
Green
Equal parts of red and yellow mixed together create
Orange
Equal parts of red and blue mixed together create
Violet
Hair texture is determined by the _________ of the individual hair.
Diameter
Haircolor that is able to deposit without lifting because they are less alkaline and are mixed with a a low volume developer is
Demipermanent
Haircolor that is mixed with a developer and remains in the hair shaft until the new growth of hair occurs is called
Permanent
Haircoloring products fall into four classifications including temporary, semipermanent, and
Permanent and demipermanent
Metallic haircolors are also called
Gradual colors
One safety precaution in haircoloring is to never apply tint if __________ are present
Abrasions
Permanent haircolor is applied by either the bowl-and-brush method or with
An applicator bottle
Porous hair of the same color level will lighten faster than hair that is nonporous, because the bleaching agent can enter the ___________ more rapidly.
Cortex
Primary and secondary colors that are positioned opposite each other on the color wheel are considered to be
Complementary colors
Products created to remove artificial pigment frmo the hair are known as
Color or tint removers
The predominant tonality of an existing color is referred to as a
Base color
The cortex or middle layer of the hair gives strength and elasticity and contributes about ______ to the overall strength of the hair
80%
The strength of a color tone is referred to as the
Intensity
The measure of the potential oxidation of varying strengths of hydrogen peroxide is
Volume
The cuticle of the hair protects the interior and contributes _______ to the overall strength of the hair
20%
The U.S. Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act prescribes that a patch test, also called ____________ test, can be given 24 to 48 hours prior to an applcation of aniline derivative tint.
A predisposition
The term used to describe the warmth or coolness of a color is
Tone or tonality
The preliminary strand test will tel you how the hair will react to the color formula and indicate
Processing time
The method used to analyze the lightness or darkness of a hair color, whether natural or artificial, is called
The Level System
The tint formula in permanent haircolor contains uncolored __________, which are small compounds that can diffuse into the hair shaft
Dye precursors
The melanin found in red hair is called
Pheomelanin
The melanin that gives black and brown color to hair is known as
Eumelanin
The ability fo the hair to absorb moisture is called
Porosity
The haircolor that partially penetrates the hair shaft and stains the cuticle layer, slowly fading with each shampoo, is known as
Semipermanent
The number of hairs per square inch on the head relates to the hair's
Density
The _____ that is added to hydrogen peroxide to increase its chemical action is known as the activator
Oxidizer
The two methods of parting hair for a foil technique are
Slicing and weaving
The free-form technique of hair painting is also called
Baliage
The first important guideline when color services do not turn out as planned or expected is
Do not panic
The system for understanding __________ is the Law of Color
Color relationships
The process of treating gray or very resistant hair to allow for better penetration of color is known as
Presoftening
To some degree, the _______ is designed to protect the school or salon owner from responsibility for accidents or damages
Release statement
An activator is added to ________ to increase its chemical action or lifting power.
Hydrogen peroxide
Three types of hair lighteners are
Oil, cream and powder.
What product is used to open the cuticle of the hair fiber so that tint can penetrate it?
Alkalizing agent
When performing retouches on red hair, the reds will last longer if you create them using a separate formula with a _____________ haircolor product applied to the mid-shaft and ends of the strand.
Deposit-only
When arranging for a haircolor services consultation, _____________ walls are recommended
White or neutral
When applying haircoloring products, always follow
Manufacturer's directions
Which type of lightener is not used directly on the scalp?
Powder
Which type of haircolor product uses the largest pigment molecules?
Temporary