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Abeka 9th Grade World Geography Chapter 4
Terms in this set (81)
separates Africa from Europe
The Straight of Gibraltar.
Africa and Europe are only 8 miles apart at this point.
the Suez Canal
divides Africa from Asia
Before the 19th century, the interior of Africa was a mystery to the rest of the world: people called it the _______________ because so little was known about this uncharted land.
The Eastern Rift System
Africa's most dramatic geographic feature
Great Rift Valley
another name for The Eastern Rift System
Africa's highest peak
Africa's second highest peak
The big game animals for which Africa is known roam the savannas, particularly in Eastern Africa, where the ___________ is located
The world's largest desert
The world's longest river
Africa's largest lake and the world's second largest body of fresh water.
The world's longest freshwater lake.
a peninsula in northeastern Egypt that is separated from the African continent by the Suez Canal
Today, most _____________ are of mixed
descent; the majority speak
, the official language, and practice
, the state religion.
Coptic Orthodox Church
The largest religious minority in Egypt.
The largest city in Africa and capital of Egypt.
Egypt's national income
The fees charged to commercial and military ships using the Suez Canal provide much of __________________.
Twice in the history of the Suez Canal has it been ______________ - during the Suez crisis (1956), when Egypt seized control of the canal from its British and French owners, and during the Six-Day War between Israel and Egypt (1967)
Aswan High Dam
Since the completion of the enormous _________ in 1970, farmland in the Nile Valley has been under year-round irrigation, producing two or three crops per year
Algeria, Libya, Morocco, and Tunisia
Capital of Libya
Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia
The "Western Isle."
Controls Western Sahara.
world's fourth largest island
Gamal Abdel Nasser
Egypt's first president
Lead to the Punic Wars
Libya's most productive farmland
Capital of Sudan
the world's largest swamp
the greatest ancient civilization in Africa
pagan belief that natural objects are possesed by evil spirits
Africa's first and greatest Christian kingdom
Nigeria's first capital
Samuel Adjai Crowther
first black bishop to be ordained by the Church of England
Africa's first nation to achieve independance from Britain
Ghana's first president
Capital of Sierra Leone
Capital of Liberia
renamed the DRC Zaire
capital of the DRC
Horn of Africa
the large peninsula of Africa
capital of Ethiopia
capital of Kenya
leader of the Mau Mau Rebellion and Kenya's first president
racial segregation of the Africaners
South Africa's first black president
A landform that rims southern Africa from Angola to South Africa. It forms where the narrow coastal plains meet the elevated plateaus in an abrupt break in elevation.
Africa's longest mountain range, most precipitation falls where?
known as the gift of the nile
Farmers in Egypt who live in villages and work on small plots of land that they rent from landowners
Aswan High Dam
Dam across the Nile River in Egypt. Created Lake Nassar and helps to create more farmland. Built between 1960 and 1970.
Aswan High Dam's huge reservoir; named for Egypt's first president
A region in Northwestern Africa that includes portions of Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia, libya
A member of a North African, primarily Muslim people living in settled or nomadic tribes from Morocco to Egypt, original inhabitants of Maghreb
libya's most productive plain
Libyan leader who was punished for acts of terrorism, ended association with the west in 1969
a disputed desert country along the Atlantic Coast
Mauritania, Mali, Niger, Chad
occupy the Sudan or Sahel
which african country controls western sahara
what was the first recorded african christian
and its tributaries form the largest river system in western Africa
where is Nigeria's current capital
Dictator of the Democratic Republic of the Congo from 1965 to 1997
traced the Congo to its source in 1877
Serengeti National Park
a large wildlife refuge covering some 5,000 square miles in Tanzania
Mau Mau Rebellion
the murder of 1,700 Africans and about 100 European missionaries by native Kenyan tribes who resented British intrusion
cape of good hope
The southern tip of Africa, small peninsula
where is the Serengeti National park located?
Smoke that thunders
Victorian Falls is called what by natives
(1899-1902) a war in which Great Britain defeated the Boers of South Africa
whites people of africa descendants of the early dutch settlers, formerly known as boers
a dry landlocked republic directly to the north of Namibia, with the help of South Africa, developed a prosperous mining industry specializing in diamonds
lowveld, middleveld, highveld
name the three divisions of the southern african plateau
Transvaal and the Orange Free State
established by the dutch Boers after the Great trek
became the president of Zimbabwe immediately following its independence, communist
bird that was hunted to extinction
the worlds largest swamp; a vast marshy area between the White Nile and the Blue Nile
Haile Selassie I
last emperor of Ethiopia
Samuel Adjai Crowther
One of Africa's most famous Christians was a Yoruba named ____________, who became the first black bishop to be ordained by the Church of England.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Abeka 9th Grade World Geography Chapter 5
Abeka 9th Grade World Geography Chapter 1
Abeka 9th Grade World Geography Chapter 2
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