The Cold War
Terms in this set (35)
An international organization formed after WWII to promote international peace, security, and cooperation.
Nations politically and economically dominated or controlled by another more powerful country
American policy of resisting further expansion of communism around the world
A term popularized by British Prime Minister Winston Churchill to describe the Soviet Union's policy of isolation during the Cold War; a barrier which isolated Eastern Europe from the rest of the world.
The period after the Second World War marked by rivalry and tension between the two nuclear superpowers, the United States and the communist government of the Soviet Union, but never resulted in outright confrontation.
US foreign policy following WWII which provided economic and military aid to any country threatened by communism, mainly helped Greece and Turkey
A plan that the US came up with to revive war-torn economies of Europe following WWII which offered $13 billion in aid to western and Southern Europe.
Joint effort by the US and Britain to fly food and supplies into W Berlin after the Soviet blockade in 1948
North Atlantic Treaty Organization
In 1949, the United States, Canada, and ten European nations formed this military mutual-defense pact which still exists today.
General and leader of Nationalist China after 1925 who became a military dictator whose major goal was to crush the communist movement led by Mao Zedong.
Leader of the Communist Party in China that defeated the Nationalists and established the People's Republic of China and ruled from 1949 until 1976.
Island off Chinese mainland; became refuge for Nationalist Chinese regime under Chiang Kai-shek from the Republic of China in 1948; successfully retained independence with aid of United States; rapidly industrialized after 1950s.
Latitudinal dividing line between North and South Korea
A conflict between UN forces (primarily US and S Korea) against North Korea, and later China. Resulted in stalemate.
House Un-American Activities Committee
An investigative committee of the United States House of Representatives which was known for its role in investigating alleged disloyalty and subversive activities on the part of private citizens, public employees, and those organizations suspected of having ties to Communism.
Group of people in the film industry who were jailed for refusing to answer congressional questions regarding Communist influence in Hollywood
A list of 500 actors, writers, producers, and directors who were not allowed to work on Hollywood films because of alleged Communist connections
A former State Department official who was accused of being a Communist spy and was convicted of perjury.
Ethel & Julius Rosenberg
American communist couple who were accused of giving atomic bomb secrets to Soviets and were executed for treason.
Controversial 1951 trial of husband and wife charged with passing atomic secrets to the Soviet Union.
In 1997 documents which were released confirming the identities of Soviet spies in the American government and other industries.
First artificial Earth satellite, launched by Soviet Union in 1957 and sparked U.S. fears of Soviet dominance in technology and outer space.
Wisconsin senator who claimed to have list of communists in American government, but who produced no credible evidence and who took advantage of fears of communism post WWII to become incredibly influential.
Thermonuclear bomb which is 1000 times more powerful than the atomic bomb.
Term for making ruthless and unfair charges without any credible evidence
Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th president of the U.S. who was elected in 1952 and re-elected in 1956
John Foster Dulles
Secretary of State under Eisenhower who viewed the struggle against Communism as a classic conflict between good and evil. He believed in containment and the Eisenhower doctrine.
A policy of threatening to go to war in response to any enemy aggression.
An independent agency of the United States government responsible for collecting and coordinating intelligence and counterintelligence activities abroad in the national interest
A military alliance, formed in 1955, of the Soviet Union and its Eastern European satellite nations.
Policy of the US that it would defend the Middle East against attack by any Communist country
Russian politician who led the Soviet Union during part of the Cold War and who was responsible for building the Berlin Wall
Francis Gary Powers
American pilot shot down in his U-2 spy plane, captured by the Soviet Union and convicted of spying
A 1960 incident in which the Soviet military used a guided missile to shoot down an American U-2 spy plane over Soviet territory
American doctor who invented the polio vaccine in 1953.
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