31 terms

# Chapter 1 - Thinking Geographically

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The science of making maps
Cartography
Scale
The relationship between the length of an object on a map and the feature on the landscape
1:24,000 is an example of what kind of scale?
Fractional Scale
If the scale of a map is 1:24,000, then 1 inch on the map represents __________ feet on Earth's surface.
2,000
Which map would have the smallest scale:
a) county
b) world
c) state
d) continent
e) city
B) World
A system for transferring locations from a globe to a flat map is
Projection
Distortion is especially severe on
Small-scale maps
The acquisition of data about Earth's surface from a satellite orbiting the planet or from another long-distance method is
remote sensing
A computer sustem that stores, organizes, retrieve, analyzes, and displays geographic data is
GIS (Geographic Information System)
The first person to use the word geography was
Eratosthenes
The name given to a portion of Earths surface is know as
Toponym
Situation identifies a place by its
location relative to other objects
Site identifies a place by its
Unique physical characteristics
New York City's __________ is approximately 100 miles northeast of Philadelphia and 100 miles southwest Boston.
a) location
b) jurisdiction
c) site
d) situation
e) toponym
D) Situation
Which is true?
a) Every parallel begins and ends at the poles
b) Every meridian is distorted by magnetic declination
c) Every parallel is the same length
d) Every meridian is the same length and has the same beginning and end
e) Every meridian is actually a circle rather than a line
D) Every meridian is the same length and has the same beginning and end.
A ship's position is given as 0º latitude and 27º west longitude. We can conclude from this information that the ship is located
on the equator
Greenwich Mean Time is measured from
0 degrees lngitude
The International Date Line is measured approximately from
0 degrees longitude
The US Land Ordinance of 1785 divided much of the country into a system of
a) townships
b) ranges
c) quarter sections
d) section
e) all of the above
e) all of the above (townships; ranges; quarter sections; section)
The South is established as a vernacular region of the United States by
a) high cotton production
b) the Baptist Church
c) climate
d) low high school graduation rated
e) all of the above
e) all of the above (high cotton production; the Baptist Church; climate; low high school graduation rated )
Holland converted the Zuider Zee into a fresh water lake by using
dikes
The concept that the distribution of the one phenomenon is scientifically related to the location of other phenomena is
Spatial Association
The arrangement of phenomenon across Earth's surface is
Spatial distribution
An area distinguished by one or more unique characteristics is
region
Which is not an example of functional region?
a) the market area of a supermarket
b) the area dominated by a particular crop
c) the area of dominance of a television station
d) area served by a sports franchise
e) the circulation area of a newspaper
b) the area dominated by a particular crop
The division of the United States into nine regions by the Census Bureau is an example of an
formal region
In Maryland, high rates of cancer are found in the
eastern rural areas
The frequency of somethin within a given unit of area is
density
The spread of something over a given study area is
distribution
The spatial distribution created by the US Land Ordinance of 1785 is an example of
pattern
The population of the United States is approximately 290 million, and the land area is approximately 9 million square kilometers. The arithmetic density of the United States is approximately
30 persons per square kilometer