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Unit 6 - Learning (Classical Conditioning)
Terms in this set (22)
Russian scientist that accidentally discovered classical conditioning
Type of learning: Also called Stimulus response learning
The stimulus that produces no response in the human or animal
An event that leads to a certain, predictable response usually without any previous training. (the food in Pavlov's experiment)
A reaction that occurs naturally and automatically when the UCS is presented (salvation to the food)
the neural stimulus, that after training leads to a specific response (The Bell)
A learned response to a specific stimuli. (Salvation to the bell)
This occurs when an organism responses to similar stimuli as the original CS without further training. (The dog salivates to ALL bells)
The ability to respond in different ways to different stimuli. (Responding to only one specific tone)
This is when the conditioned response gradually dies out due to the UCS not being presented.
A learned dislike to a specific food, usually due to classical conditioning
The Father of Behaviorism
In order to cure a phobia, a behavioral psychologist may present a CS all at once to prove that nothing bad will happen to the patient.
In order to cure a phobia, a behavioral psychologist may present the CS in small increments. Over time patients learn that nothing bad will happen to them when the stimulus is present.
In order to cure a phobia a behavioral psychologist may present the CS, but pair it with a new UCS that the patient enjoys. For example, Presenting the rat to Albert, but then giving a piece of candy at the same time.
This is using classical conditioning to teach a negative behavior. For example, teaching Little Albert to fear anything white, small, and furry.
The Psychologist that developed operant conditioning
The state B.F. Skinner was from.
The country that Ivan Pavlov lived in
The hospital John Watson worked at, until he was fired for having an affair with his grad assistant
Second-Order or Higher-order Conditioning
a classical conditioning term that refers to a situation in which a stimulus that was previously neutral (e.g., a light) is paired with a conditioned stimulus (e.g., a tone that has been conditioning with food to produce salivating to produce the same conditioned response as the conditioned stimulus.
The name of a conditioned taste aversion that is achieved rapidly by a single pairing of illness such as nausea with the consumption of a specific food. Rapid conditioning allows taste aversions to adapt rapidly to the environment
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