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Developing the life plan for the special needs individual

Terms in this set (17)

For the severely disabled, institutional care may be the best option given its capability for custodial
supervision, evaluation, treatment and training. However, for those special needs individuals without
severe disabilities, there are six (6) options.
The first is a family-type living arrangement. Here the special needs individual lives with family members
or friends at the passing of both parents. The arrangement can be either at the home of the parents or the caregiver. Parents will want to be sure sufficient resources exist to permit continued residence at
their home. But, as is the case for this and the other five (5) arrangements described below, choice of the
caregiver is likely the most critical in making any living arrangement successful. The second is an adult-foster care arrangement in a family like setting. Unlike the family-type living arrangement, the caregiver is not a family member. Accordingly, more will be required than an interview with a caregiver. There should be references and interviews with the sources of references. The goal is minimizing the risk a caregiver will not be up to the responsibilities. The third is a group home which houses several unrelated individuals with disabilities. The group home
may be either publicly or privately owned (whether for profit or not). It is often advisable for the special
needs individual to enter the group home before the death of both parents. Doing so will be less
traumatic for the child. And as a practical matter, it may be necessary given that waiting lists for such
facilities may require move-in whenever space is available. The fourth is a community residential setting often known as community care homes or community
residences. The level of care is generally geared to those with less severe disabilities. Typically care is
provided by a house manager, a rotating staff, or combination of both. The fifth is an intermediate care facility. Like community residences these facilities may be large complexes of buildings or smaller community residences. They are designed for those with moderate to severe disabilities. Since the facilities cover a continuum of disability levels, these facilities can permit the special needs individual to graduate to a lower level of supervised care or even independence. The sixth and final arrangement is independent supported living for those needing limited supervision. Often these special needs individuals live in a home or apartment and near those with relatively mild disabilities. Adult service agencies can be a source to locate these independent living arrangements.