APUSH Chapter 20

Fort Sumter
Union fort in Confederacy that didn't relinquish power to South; provisions were sent and the South Carolinians fired (non-fatal); they surrendered but this even started the Civil War
Col. Robert Anderson
colonel guarding Fort Sumter
Border States
Missouri, Kentucky, Maryland; they would double manufacturing capacity of the South and increase the supply of mules and horses by half if they went to the south; named as such since they are on the edges of the North and the South and they are slave states
Billy Yank
Union soldier
Johnny Reb
Confederate soldier
Robert E. Lee
commander from Virginia who felt bound to leave the Lincoln's proposal to go with his state to the Confederacy
Thomas "Stonewall Jackson
tactical theorist, and chief lieutenant on the South's side
King Cotton
Britain was the Confederacy's reliance on c____, but Britain did not help.
King Wheat
North had great weather which led to good harvests, mechanical reapers helped, and Britain had a bad harvest which led to trading (grain)
King Corn
North had great weather which led to good harvests, mechanical reapers helped, and Britain had a bad harvest which led to trading (cob)
British mail steamer stopped by Union warship which forcibly removed two confederate diplomats
flew confederate flags but manned by British, picked up weapons in Portugal, The Alabama sunk 34 Union warships. The great destroyer was finally sunk off the coast of France.
Laird Rams
two confederate ships being built in Great Britain, more dangerous than Alabama. They were designed to destroy the Union ships and the naval blockades
Napoleon III
figured Union would fall, sent troops to occupy Mexico city
and figured to walk into Union after the Civil War
installed as emperor of Mexico by Napoleon III
Jefferson Davis
Confederate president, liked to defy public, over worked himself
States Rights
could not use constitutional rights, could not deny future state succession
Abraham Lincoln
Union president. Abraham Lincoln was considered to be tactical, patient, and firm.
Habeas Corpus
safeguarding of individual freedom against arbitrary state action
men payed for people to fight for them
Bounty Jumpers
would go for someone else, desert, then reenlist for someone else again
Income Tax
netted millions of dollars off of alcohol and tobacco taxes
Morrill Tariff Act
Increased duties from 50 to 10%
one time worth 39% to one golden dollar
National Banking Act
established bank-note currency, banks could buy government bonds and issue sound paper money
confederate dollar was worth 1.6 cents
"Shoddy" Wool
clothes were made of cheaper material than the normal material used.
Elizabeth Blackwell
first female physician
Clara Barton
changed nursing to become a respected profession. Clara....
Dorthea Dix
changed nursing to become a respected profession.