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Fort Sumter

Union fort in Confederacy that didn't relinquish power to South; provisions were sent and the South Carolinians fired (non-fatal); they surrendered but this even started the Civil War

Col. Robert Anderson

colonel guarding Fort Sumter

Border States

Missouri, Kentucky, Maryland; they would double manufacturing capacity of the South and increase the supply of mules and horses by half if they went to the south; named as such since they are on the edges of the North and the South and they are slave states

Billy Yank

Union soldier

Johnny Reb

Confederate soldier

Robert E. Lee

commander from Virginia who felt bound to leave the Lincoln's proposal to go with his state to the Confederacy

Thomas "Stonewall Jackson

tactical theorist, and chief lieutenant on the South's side

King Cotton

Britain was the Confederacy's reliance on c____, but Britain did not help.

King Wheat

North had great weather which led to good harvests, mechanical reapers helped, and Britain had a bad harvest which led to trading (grain)

King Corn

North had great weather which led to good harvests, mechanical reapers helped, and Britain had a bad harvest which led to trading (cob)


British mail steamer stopped by Union warship which forcibly removed two confederate diplomats


flew confederate flags but manned by British, picked up weapons in Portugal, The Alabama sunk 34 Union warships. The great destroyer was finally sunk off the coast of France.

Laird Rams

two confederate ships being built in Great Britain, more dangerous than Alabama. They were designed to destroy the Union ships and the naval blockades

Napoleon III

figured Union would fall, sent troops to occupy Mexico city
and figured to walk into Union after the Civil War


installed as emperor of Mexico by Napoleon III

Jefferson Davis

Confederate president, liked to defy public, over worked himself

States Rights

could not use constitutional rights, could not deny future state succession

Abraham Lincoln

Union president. Abraham Lincoln was considered to be tactical, patient, and firm.

Habeas Corpus

safeguarding of individual freedom against arbitrary state action


men payed for people to fight for them

Bounty Jumpers

would go for someone else, desert, then reenlist for someone else again

Income Tax

netted millions of dollars off of alcohol and tobacco taxes

Morrill Tariff Act

Increased duties from 50 to 10%


one time worth 39% to one golden dollar

National Banking Act

established bank-note currency, banks could buy government bonds and issue sound paper money


confederate dollar was worth 1.6 cents

"Shoddy" Wool

clothes were made of cheaper material than the normal material used.

Elizabeth Blackwell

first female physician

Clara Barton

changed nursing to become a respected profession. Clara....

Dorthea Dix

changed nursing to become a respected profession.

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