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Branches of Government Set
Terms in this set (66)
What article is the legislative branch defined by?
What's the legislative branches basic responsibility?
To make the laws
Who is the Senate lead by?
Vice President, Main Leader is Senate Pro Tempore, Senate Majority leader runs most operations
What is congress? And what does this mean?
Bicameral. It's made of two chambers
What is the term length of a Senator?
What are the qualifications to be a senator?
30 years old, U.S. citizen for 9 years, lives in the state elected in
How many representatives are in the House of Representatives?
Who is the House of Representatives led by?
Speaker of the House
What is the term length of a representative?
What are the qualifications to be a representative?
25 years old, US citizen for 7 years, live in the state you represent
What article is the executive branch?
What is the responsibility of the executive branch?
enforce the laws
Who is the executive branch lead by?
What's the term length of a president?
4 years, 2 term limit
What are the qualifications to be president?
35 years old, natural born citizen, 14 years resident
Who is the President supported by?
The executive cabinet
What is the order of succession after the president and vice president?
Speaker of the House, President Pro Tempore, Secretary of State, Secretary of Treasury, Secretary of Defense
What is the Judicial branch defined by?
What's the judicial branch responsibility?
Judge the laws
What's the judicial branch lead by?
supreme court chief justice
How many members are in the Judicial Branch?
What is the term length of a justice?
lifetime, or until retirement or impeachment
Why is it important that presidents are limited to 2 terms?
We don't get stuck with a leader that doesn't help our nation
Why is it important that justices are appointed for life?
So they don't have to pleasing people, they can make decisions that are right
What's the first step of a bill becoming a law?
They start with an idea, which can come from anyone.
What is the second step of a bill becoming a law?
The bill is introduced in either house and has a primary sponsor and an unlimited amount of co-sponsors
What is the third step of a bill becoming a law?
They meet in small groups called committees and research, talk about, and make changes to the bill. They vote about whether to accept or reject the bill, and whether they will send it to the floor or subcommittees
What is the fourth step of a bill becoming a law?
They debate the bill and propose changes. If the majority vote to pass the bill, it moves to the other house and repeats the process. Both houses agree on the same exact bill before it's sent to the president.
What is the fifth step of a bill becoming a law?
The president either approves and passes the bill, veto's, chooses no action, or pocket veto's the bill
What happens when the president veto's the bill?
The president rejects the bill and returns it to Congress for the reasons of rejection. Congress can override the veto with 2/3 of the vote in the house and senate and it can become a law.
What happens when the president chooses no action?
If Congress is in session after 10 days of no answer from the president, then the bill automatically becomes a law
What happens when the president pocket veto's the bill?
If Congress goes out of session within the 10 day period after giving the President the bill, the president can choose not to sign it and it's nothing
What is an executive agenda?
What the president wants to accomplish in the year
What is the purpose of the presidential cabinet?
to advise the president on his decisons and make sure the president doesn't do everything alone
Department of State
in charge of foreign policy and agreements with other countries
Department of Treasury
Collects, borrows, spends, and prints money
Department of Defense
Manages the armed forces
Department of Justice
responsible for the enforcement of the law and administration of justice,
Department of the Interior
Manages and protects the nations public lands and natural resources
Department of Agriculture
Assists farmers and consumers of farm products
Department of Commerce
Supervises trade, promotes U.S. business, tourism
Department of Transportation
Manages the nations highways, railroads, airlines, and sea traffic
Department of Energy
responsible for maintaining a national energy policy
Department of Health and Human Services
Gives services for Americans' health and basic needs
What is judicial review?
The Supreme Court's authority to decide if a law violates the Constitution
What are 3 jobs of the president?
Political Party leader; helps members of his political party get into congress. Commander in Chief; makes military decisions; Chief Diplomat; decides what ambassadors will say to foreign leaders
How can the constitution be changed?
How can the legislative branch check the judicial branch?
can impeach and remove judges, confirms nominations of judges, creates lower courts, and can change the constitution to overrule judicial decisions
How can the legislative branch check the executive branch?
confirms executive nominations, can override a presidential veto, approves treaties, distributes money to be used, can impeach or remove the president, or declare war
How can the executive branch check the legislative branch?
can veto laws, can recommend laws, can call special sessions of congress, and enforces and interprets laws
How can the executive branch check the judicial branch?
Nominates judges, can pardon convictions, and interprets court rulings
How can the judicial branch check the legislative branch?
can declare laws unconstitutional
How can the Judicial branch check the executive branch?
can declare executive orders or actions unconstitutional
What is the unchecked power of the legislative branch?
Can impeach and remove judges and members of the Executive Branch
What is the unchecked power of the executive branch?
Can pardon, or set free, prisoners
What is the unchecked power of the judicial branch?
Can declare someone is not guilty of a crime
What is the purpose of the "presidential cabinet"?
To advise the President, and help him manage all the different things in the United States
What is Option A for amending the constitution?
A potential amendment is approved by a ⅔ vote in the Senate and the house. It is then approved by legislatures in 3/4ths of the states.
What is Option B for amending the constitution?
2/3rds of the states call for a national constitutional convention. A potential amendment is agreed upon there. It is then has to be approved by 3/4ths of the states at special ratifying conventions.
A belief that ultimate power resides in the people.
A form of government in which people elect representatives to create and enforce laws
government structure in which government actions are limited by law
power is divided between the national and state governments
Separation of Powers
division of powers among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches, with the legislative branch making law, the executive applying and enforcing the law, and the judiciary interpreting the law
Checks and Balances
A system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches in order to prevent abuse of power
rights guaranteed or belonging to a person
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