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AP Gov Vocab ch. 11 (Congress)
Terms in this set (31)
Activities of memebers of Congress that help constituents as individuals particularly by cutting through beaurocratic red tape to get people what they have a right to get.
A strategy unique to the senate where by opponents of a piece of legislationuse their rights to unlimited debate to prevent the senate from ever voting on a bill, sixty members present and voting can halt a filibuster legislation.
A procedure for ending a debate and taking a vote.
Action of franking a letter or parcel
The right of members of congress to send mail to their constituents of the governments expense.
Committees in each house of Congress that handle bills in different policy areas
Congressional committees appointed for a specific purpose such as the watergate investigation.
Committees formed when the senate & house pass a bill in different forms. Party leadership appoints members of each house to iron out the differences and bring back a single bill.
Committees on a few subject areas with membership drawn from both houses.
Creating districts that favor one political party over another.
The process of reallocating seats in the House of Representatives every ten years on the basis of the census.
The creation of electoral districts with divergent ratios of voters to representatives.
Bringing a bill out of committee and to the floor for consideration w/put a report from the committee by discharging the committee from further consideration of a bill or resolution.
Process by which a U.S congressional or state legislative session debates amends and rewrites proposed legislation.
How is oversight conducted in the legislative branch?
Congressional monitoring of the executive branch + beaurocracy and its administration of policy performed mainly through committee hearings.
A custom whereby presidential appointments are confirmed only if there is no objection to them by the senators from the oppointees state, especially from the senior senator of the presidents party from the state.
Features of at least two different forms of government monarchies & those based on the separation of powers, applied to the authority of monarch in the first and to the authority of the legislature in the second.
Incumbency v. Challengers
- incumbents usually win because name recognition + easier access to campaign finance + gov resources.
- structural advantage over challengers
War powers act of 1973
Federal law intended to check the presidential power to commit the U.S to an armed conflict w/put the consent of U.S congress (adopted from U.S congress joint resolution)
Link between congress & the media
Media covers what's going on and teaches others about legislation.
Leadership positions in house and senate
- speaker of the house: presided over house when in session plays a major role in making committee assignments appoints party legislation, exercises substantial control over bills.
- majority leader: majority party leader.
- whips: party leader who works w/majority leader.
- minority leader: minority party leader.
The process of policy making
1.) agenda building
17th amendment & reason for ratification
- Two senators respresent each state
- ratified so each state can have equal respresentation
Pork barrel (riders, constituents, & services)
- Pork barrel: federal projects, grants, + contracts available to state, local, government, colleges, + other institutions.
- rider: additional provision added to a bill or other measure under consideration by legislature.
- constituents: member of electorate
- rider: people who don't join by benefit from group activities w/out joining.
Procedural differences between the house and senate
- the role of committee on rules in the house v. The vote of full senate in bringing legislation to the floor
- strict Rule in house
- lack of strict rule in senate
- use of previous question to cut off debate in house v. Ability to filibuster + hold in senate.
Decentrazarion in house + senate & the effect on policy
House has a better chance at winning because senators are always traveling and it's harder for them to be completely present.
Link between congress and interest groups
Interest groups want to please congress and want to have a strong influence in government
Link between congress and political parties
Political parties have a strong influence in congress and can be assured what they want
Reasons why congressmen vote the way they do
- Confirm w/district opinion 2/3
- inceases incumbency
- winner underside a legislative supply direct
Differences between the house and senate
- limits times
- # of amendments
- initiate revenue bills + impeach officials
- ratify all treaties
- confirm important president & Vice President nominations
- try impeached officials
Article one section eight & article one section eight clause eighteen
Article 1 section 8: necessary and proper clause (powers of congress)
Article 1 section 8 clause 18: necessary and proper to carry in to execution.
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