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REST 102 Exam 1
Terms in this set (75)
1947 Partition of India
the division of British India into India and Pakistan. The division displaced 14 million and 1 million died from refugee crisis
in Hindu belief, a person's essential self
A single spiritual power that Hindus believe lives in everything
release from the cycle of rebirth, impelled by the law of karma
actions and their consequences
"Evolution" of religion
view based on protestant Christianity that generalizes and demeans various religions around the world
Native American Boarding School
Assimilation through total immerson; boarding schools are far from home in Carlisle, PA; boys and girls given different forms of education- vocational (boys) v.s. domestic (girls); Native languages and customs were not permitted. The Native Americans begin to lose their identity.
temple, domestic worship
the cycle of birth, death, and rebirth and is applied to universe and individuals
class system that is seen as each caste emerging from a different part of Brahma's body
dance that would resurrect all Native Americans onto an Earth free from disease and death
One's particular set of duties and absolute mortality
Brahman is identical to ones true self (Atman)
Massacre at wounded knee
ghost dance mistaken for an act of aggression and 150-300 Indians were killed
sacred site in Newark, Ohio that represents the Earth diver story and the circle is protective
Function of religion
a largely functional theory, to determine the social, psychological, or political role played by the thing we refer to as religious
Essence of religion
inner faith, the essence of religion is real and non-empirical, it defies study and must be experienced first hand
academic study of religion
theological study of religion
belief in the existence of a supreme being or deities
making the familiar seem strange in order to enhance our perception of the familiar
8th incarnation of Vishnu (the sustainer), the god of erotic love, and the hero of the Mahabharata
Great warrior of the family of Pandavas in Bhagavad Gita
Rama and Sita
rama and sita are a model of an ideal couple; fulfilling ones dharma. A story where husband and wife are inseparable. A model for Hindu couples to follow, both for their devotion to each other and their willingness to obey their dharma. A parable/teaching story/ epic poem.
descendants of the ancient Zoroastrian Persians living in India. They practice an ethical monotheism with a ritual life that expresses the purity of the Ahura Mazda
the sustainer, he preserves the cosmos and order
The Great Goddess / Shiva's consort
the destroyer, he the divine lover and reveals the ultimate nature of reality
Yoni and Lingham
representation of feminine and masculine
experienced vision of Tarachiwagon and Tawiskaron that is similar to Christianized ideas
experienced vision of the ghost dance which upon performance would cause white people to disappear and have ancestors and buffalo return
Federally recognized tribe in Idaho, many are Roman Catholic
creator deity that should be worshiped and his ways of confessing sins, embracing, landholding, living in houses, agriculture work should be followed
him and his medicines are evil and his ways of witchcraft and alcohol will send you to hell
The most important work of Indian sacred literature, a dialogue between the great warrior Arjuna and the god Krishna on duty and the fate of the spirit. Comes from Mahabharata
Ancient Sanskrit writings that are the earliest sacred texts of Hinduism.
philosophical reworking of the older vedas
'Old tales', stories about deities that became important after the Vedic period
one of two classical Hindu epics telling of the banishment of Rama from his kingdom and the abduction of his wife by a demon and Rama's restoration to the throne
the longest single poem in the world, about a war fought between two branches of the same family. One of India's greatest epics written between 1000 and 700 BC
The battleship potemkin
crosscutting, montage sequence, non-diegetic sound
Workers Leaving the Lumiere Factory
single shot, camera does not move
The Vanishing Lady
the man shows the women and communicates with the audience to let them know that they are being talked to ("breaking the fourth wall"). This is not a story being told but rather this is showing that the camera and editing is being used.
All of the elements placed in front of the camera to be photographed: the settings and props, lighting, costumes and makeup, and figure behavior.
montage and montage sequence
form of editing that compresses time radically, shows the passage of time through brief shots joined together
a chain of events in cause and effect relationship
an exposed and unedited length of film
a shot that views the action from the opposite side of the previous shot
the tendency to view or represents things as they really are
established the study of film as intellectual pursuit
Cinema of attractions
a cinema that displays its visibility, willing to rupture a self-enclosed fictional world for a chance to solicit the attention of the spectator
Sound that originates from within the world of the narrative
cut into action that is happening simultaneously. also called parallel editing, it can create tension or suspense and can form a connection between scenes
sound that can be heard by the audience only, not the characters
Bruce Lincoln's four domains of religion
The five components of mise-en-scene
In what ways are places and spaces scared in Native American religions?
Tribal religions view the landscape as an integral part of religious experience because it is not only the locus for human experience but the Earth itself is a living entity and manifests its relationship to all forms of life by sustaining them
Do you think Hinduism is best descried as a polytheistic or monotheistic religion?
Hindus may be polytheistic, monotheistic, monistic- believing that all reality is actually one
many hindus believe there is one god (Brahman)
Where did Hinduism originate?
Indus River Valley
According to the Mahabharata, how can a person destroy their karma and achieve moksha?
1. The way of action (karma yoga)
- selfless action
2. The way of knowledge (jhana yoga)
- insight into the universe, Brahman: and the soul Atman
3. The way of devotion (bhakti yoga)
- surrender yourself and your actions to god
Academic study of religion vs. theological
- an academic or anthropological approach is concerned with studying people, their beliefs, behaviors, and institutions
- a theological approach is concerned with determining the nature, will, or wishes of the god(s)
why have scholars of religion stopped describing indigenous religion as primitive or primal?
although it is practiced on a smaller scale, they are not simpler or more basic than large religions. Therefore they should not be considered evidence of a primitive or less developed religious mentality
What religious groups were affected by the 1947 partition of India?
hindus, muslims, and siks
What new country was created as a result?
what is the religious majority in India and in this newly created country after the partition?
What was the thesis in the land looks after us by martin?
the land matters profoundly, tied to cherished stories, beloved food, family memories, vital gods and influential ancestors, the land is sacred
Be able to explain "not all hopis"
Native American does not equal religious, spiritual, or traditional
What religious traditions were Eyre and Alexie raised in?
Catholic and Presbyterian
What were some of the goals in making smoke signals?
Indians were never portrayed in a respectful way and usually in the pre-Columbian era. The directors wanted to change that
How do Eyre and Alexie discuss common depictions? What do they do differently? How do they address religion?
Indian religion is depicted as not a religion and they are not portrayed as modern . So they portray them in the present and focus on shattering preconceptions. Eyre says that humor is part of religion so the real spirit in the film is laughter. They both grew up Christians as well so there is elements of the bible are in the film as well
What is Mehta's relationship to India? How does this impact her film making?
She was born and raised in India. She was uprooted as a result of India's partition. She brings her own perspective on the historical process of decolonization that has often been misunderstood, and repercussions and are still felt today
According to an article "The Great Divide what was the role of the British in shaping Indian culture and religion in the lead up to the 1947 partition?
The British tried to define communities based on religious identity and attach political representation to them, many Indians stopped accepting the diversity of their own thoughts and began to ask themselves in which of the boxes they belonged
What geographic and demographic factors contributed to the severity of the displacement of people and the violence that erupted after the partition?
the new border caused 12 million Hindus, Muslim, and Sikhs to move in/out of Pakistan and India. Different religious groups were claiming areas that caused an increase in inter-ethnic/ religious violence
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