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Greek for "dispersion"; refers to the emigration of the Jews into areas outside the geophysical boundaries of Palestine
Vicar of Christ
title given to pope saying he holds responsibility and supreme authority from Christ; first used by pope innocent III
"the whole world has gone Arian; then it is Athanasius against the world"; combated Arianism
St. Augustine of Hippo
lived a life summarized by his constant affirmation of "Our hearts are restless until they rest in Thee, O Lord"
wrote the Latin Vulgate; the first translation of the Bible into Latin from its original sources
cemented the union between Church and State by making Christianity the official religion of the empire
any early Christian who renounced the Christian faith during the persecution; under Diocletian
nomadic people of unknown ethnic origin and lacking culture; swept into Europe from North China
St. Cyril and St. Methodius
"the Apostles of the Slavs"; used Slavonic language and developed the Glagolithic script
The Papal States
resulted from special relationship between papacy and Franks; made pope sovereign leader for first time
added to the Nicene Creed to clarify that the Holy Spirit proceeds from the Father and the Son
flat 2-dimensional picture of Christ, the Virgin Mary, or a saint that serves as an invitation to pray
failure because many children died or were sold into slavery on the way to the Holy Land
Jacques de Molay
grand master of the Knights Templar; burned at the stake by French King Philip the Fair
St. Francis of Assisi
traveled to the Holy Land to preach the Gospel to the Muslim leader Sultan Malik-al-Kamil
from Latin word crux meaning cross; religious wars to liberate the Holy Land and make pilgrims safer to travel there
branch of theology which holds that one can learn about God through the use of reason and is centered on the relationship between faith and reason
St. Thomas Aquinas
employed the use of Aristotle's philosophy to approach the truths of the Christian faith
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