Upgrade to remove ads
History Imperialism Africa
Terms in this set (50)
Between 1500 and 1800 what was the main reason Europeans did not enter the interior of Africa?
The main reason Europeans did not enter the interior of Africa because they were afraid to catch malaria or other tropical diseases. Europeans were vulnerable to these diseases that the west coast of Africa, from Senegal's river to Angola, became known as " the white man's grave"
What is the difference between ending the slave trade and ending slavery?
Ending slave trade would stop the transportation of slaves but ending slavery itself gives slaves freedom to be there own person. In 1807, the British outlawed the trans-Atlantic slave trade law and in 1833, slavery itself. this caused Europeans interest to shift to imperialism.
What is the connection between a man like Mungo Park and imperialism?
Mungo Park was a Scotsman who gave his life in 1806 due to how dedicated he was to investigate the Niger River region in West Africa. He is connected to imperialism because it shows how far a man would go to take over land. This starts the shift from slavery to imperialism, the seizing of colonies.
What percentage of Africa had been colonized by 1870?
In 1870 only 10 % of Africa was colonized by the Europeans. Most of the land that was colonized was mostly around the edges of Africa.
What likely explains the poor standing of Leopold II among historians today?
Historians do not stand by Leopold II because even though he was able to acquire 900,000 square miles of land and make tons of money taking out ivory and rubber, in twenty years Leopold managed to kill over 10 million people through forced labor and horrible mistreatment.
When was the Berlin conference and what did it do?
The Berlin conference was in 1844-1845 and the purpose was to divide up the Africa continent by claim and by the rule of occupation.
What place were Africans given at the conference table in Berlin?
Africans were not given a place at the conference table in Berlin. They were not even invited.
A tropical disease
Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade
biggest deportation of slaves
the seizing of colonies
people forced to work
Rule of occupation
The rule that European nations used to evenly split Africa
The elimination of slavery
How many European countries held by African colonies in by 1914?
Seven countries were controlling African countries. They were Britain, France, Germany, Spanish, Belgium, Italy, and Portugal
Which two European countries were the biggest winner in the race to seize African countries?
The two European countries that were the biggest winners in the race to seize African countries were Britain and France.
Britain had a dream of building a railroad from The Mediterranean Sea to South Africa (i.e from Cairo to Cape Town). Which Country was in the strongest position to block this from happening?
German East Africa because they are the only European colonies in the way of the British path.
By 1885, what were only two African countries to remain independent?
The only two African countries to remain independent were Liberia and Ethiopia.
How could this document be used to explain a driving force behind European imperialism in Africa?
This document can be used to explain that one of the driving forces behind European imperialism in Africa was the territory. Africa is not only a large continent but a resourceful one too. Because Africa is so filled with incredible natural resources all the colonies wanted a piece so that they could make a profit and so they were not missing out or left behind as a country. This caused mass imperialism in Africa.
What does Ruskin say England must do to again be "a source of light, a center of peace?
England must acquire the best men and take over all the territories that they can set their foot on. So, in other words, England must take over as many colonies as fast and as far as they can.
What does he say should be the colonists "first aim"?
The first aim should be to advance the power of England by land and sea.
According to Fabri, what were Germany's strengths when it was at the peak of all the states of Europe?
There strengths were trade and sea power
Why does Fabri believe that Germany needs to "strive after" colonies?
Germany needs to compete with the Anglo-Saxons to maintain its new position of industrial greatness.
What is the driving force European imperialism in Africa, according to these two sources?
This document can be used to explain that one of the driving forces behind European imperialism in Africa was power and competition with other colonies. This document states that England must have the most powerful men, sea power, and land power. They believed that if they had control over the land, sea, and trade they would be unstoppable, which is partially true. They also believed that they needed to have competition with other countries to remind them how powerful their country can be.
During which century was most of this technology in this chart invented?
Most of the technology in this chart was invented in the 1800s.
Which technological advancement cured a tropical disease? Which of these technological developments gave Europeans armies an advantage over African armies?
The technological advancement that cured a tropical disease was the method of getting quinine from cinchona tree bark (treatment for the disease of malaria). The technological developments that gave European armies an advantage over African armies are the Bessemer process (quicker and cheaper way of manufacturing steel, which was lighter and more durable than iron; used in producing rails, bridges, and tall buildings), The Maxim gun (first machine gun), The repeating rifle (a faster-loading gun that was able to fire multiple shots more accurately than older muskets).
Which of the inventions do you think would have been the most important for spreading European influence in Africa?
The Maxim gun because it was the first machine gun that installed fear into the Africa's causing them not to fight back. This made it easy for the European to spread their ideas and influences.
How could this document be used to explain the primary cause of European imperialism in Africa?
This document can be used to explain that one of the driving forces behind European imperialism in Africa was the advancement in technology and industry. This document shows how advances in technology not only helped save millions of lives but made it much easier to take over land in Africa. Sadly, there was a downside to all these advances too. One advance that helped was steam engines and locomotives that would save people the trouble of traveling for months and getting sick on the way or starving to death. Another helpful advancement was the method of getting quinine from cinchona tree bark. This saved millions as a treatment for the disease of malaria. Some advances that killed millions is The Maxim gun (first machine gun) and the repeating rifle (a faster-loading gun that was able to fire multiple shots more accurately than older muskets). These two inventions killed tons of Africans within less than a minute.
Was technology a better driving force behind European imperialism in Africa than national competition? Explain.
Yes, Technology was less problematic that national competition but was not the main focus of European imperialism. The technology was more beneficial to the imperialism though because it was used to enlighten and advance into the future.
What European industries benefited from African resources?
All of the European industries listed benefited from African resources.
Angola (Portugal) used - cotton/palm oil and palm-kernel oil/coffee and sugar
The Congo free state (King Leopold of Belgium) used - palm oil and palm-kernel oil/ivory/rubber
French West Africa (France) used - cotton/palm oil and palm-kernel oil/peanuts,bananas,coffee,cocoa/gum
Rhodesia (Great Britain) used - copper/zinc/lead/coal
South Africa (Great Britain) used - gold/diamonds
Tanganyika (Germany) used - cotton/rubber/coffee/sisal
If you owned a textile mill, which colony or colonies would you want your countries to rule?
Angola (Portugal), because they produce cotton and cotton is needed in textile mills in order to make the clothing.
The Age of Imperialism fell right on the coattails of the Industrial Revolution. What is the connection between the two?
The connection between the two periods is that the Industrial Revolution was a time of a lot of change and new inventions. This ties into the Age of Imperialism because now that there are lots of inventions there was the need for trade and materials. When there was a lack of materials in one region they would go take over a piece of land that has lots of resources.
How could this document be used to explain the primary cause of European imperialism in Africa ?
This document explains the primary cause of European imperialism the African colony, resources exported and industrial or economic use. In this document, you can see that other colonies would export resources to make their country stronger but if everyone is taking from Africa them Africa will be robbed of its natural resources and treasures.
How much money did Great Britain make from exports to South Saharan Africa in 1854? In 1900?
Great Britain made 2.5 million from exports to South Saharan Africa in 1854 and 21 million in 1900.
Describe the difference in Great Britain's imports from exports to Africa in 1854 and 1900. Which experienced a higher rate of growth?
The difference is that the rate of exports and imports in 1900 is a lot more than in 1854.
According to this chart, how was Great Britain's benefiting from its African colonies?
They were benefiting from its Africa colonies with exports which is taking out resources to bring them to Britain.
How could this document be used to explain the primary cause of European imperialism in Africa?
This document shows how much the amount of export and imports to Africa changed from before to after the industrial revolution. The exports and imports in 1854 were just about 3 million pounds exported and 4.5 million pounds imported which is a normal amount. But by 1900 when the industrial revolution had taken off the exports increased drastically. There was 21 million pounds exported and only about 8 million imports. This was bad for Africa because the British were taking out more than they were giving.
Were economic factors more of a driving force behind European imperialism than national pride? Than improved technology?
Economic factors were more of a driving force than national pride because they helped advancements in the future and made work easier.
Who is Kipling talking to when he says, "send forth the best ye breed."
The best slaves or working men you have to do a deed.
Whom does Kipling mean when he refers to, "Your new-caught, sullen peoples/Half devil and half child?
He is talking about the native americans because their completion is different and they are not religious they are half devil and because they are uneducated we are half child.
What does Kipling mean when he commands, "Fill full mouth of famine/and bid the sickness cease"?
If you feed people and make sure they are not starving the sickness will end and all will be healthy.
What does the title " The White Man's Burden" mean?
The white man burden means the white man's labor of having to deal and educate natives to live as they do.
How can this document be used to explain a primary cause of European imperialism in Africa?
This document can be used to explain that different cultural views are the primary cause of imperialism in Africa because in this document Kipling states that the white mans burden is to "train" these native folk to be like them going so far as to call them " half devil and half child" when the reality is that they were probably more educated than the white man because they were educated enough to have created a functional society that you have destroyed. But Kipling thinks that the way they are living is unnatural and satin like because it is different from theirs and that is where cultural views come into play.
Are cultural attitudes a more important driving force behind European imperialism in Africa than political, technological, or economic reasons? Explain.
I feel as cultural attitudes are a more important driving force behind European imperialism in Africa than political, technological, or economic reasons because if everyone could just see eye to eye and hear one another out then there would not be as much death and the land would be divided evenly and fairly making both the Europeans and Africans happy.
African Imperialism is the domination of one country's political, economical, or cultural life by another.
What usually happened to those people who were colonized?
They were often oppressed, abused and in some cases even killed.
Why was Africa so easily conquered?
The purpose of this conquest like most conquests in history was to make money for the conquerors and they did so hand over fist and killed millions of people in the process. Europeans had strong economies, well organized governments and powerful armies and navies. Meanwhile african nations were troubled by economic weakness and political divisions.
What "revolution" helped fuel European imperialism of Africa?
The Industrial Revolution because when all these new inventions were because made Britain and other large colonies need more and new materials causing them to go to regions such as Africa and start imperialism.
What European power conquered the Congo? Who led this expedition? Describe what occurred in the Congo.
The European power that conquered the Congo was Belgian. King Leopold and other wealthy Belgians led this expedition. In the Congo African laborers were forced to harvest ivory and rubber in horrible conditions causing the population to decline drastically.
What was Heart of Darkness about?
The Heart of Darkness was a novel written by Joseph Conrad who was a British seaman saw all the terrible things going on in the Congo and was inspired to write about the horrors of Africa. It was about a journey up a great river deep into the Belgian Congo. A businessman named Marlow is sent into the Congo to see what happened to a riverboat station chief named Kurtz. When Marlow finds Kurtz, Kurtz has gone insane who sees himself as a god who demands obediences and brings death to the jungle.
What were the only two African nations to avoid European imperialism?
The only two African nations to avoid European imperialism are Liberia and Ethiopia.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Imperialism Quiz in African Documents: Background…
World Cultures DBQ
The importance and impact of the railroads
Unit 5: Industry and Empire
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
History CH 11
History CH 11
Unit 3: The Industrial Revolution and Imperialism
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Intro to Business
Chapter 9 Quiz Topics
OTHER QUIZLET SETS
Fina 365: Chapter 2 Pre + Post Quiz
Ocean final 2
Microbiology chapter 1
Religion prophet unit