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Unit 6: Causes and Effects of WWII, 1936-1946 Essential Terms
Terms in this set (34)
A form of government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator (not restricted by a constitution or laws or opposition etc.) Examples of totalitarian leaders are Hitler, Stalin, Mussolini, and Hirohito.
Adolf Hitler used fascism to create this type of government based on totalitarian ideas and was used to unite Germany during the 1930s. The German political party that used Jews as scapegoat for the problems of Germany.
A governmental system led by a dictator having complete power, forcibly suppressing opposition and criticism, regimenting all industry, commerce, etc., and emphasizing an aggressive nationalism and often racism. Requires that all citizens be in agreeance on
A policy of making concessions to an aggressor in the hopes of avoiding war. Associated with Neville Chamberlain's policy of making concessions to Adolf Hitler at the Munich Conference.
1939-Secret agreement between German leader Hitler and Soviet Leader Stalin not to attack one another and to divide Poland. Hitler broke this promise.
"Lighting war", typed of fast-moving warfare used by German forces against Poland in 1939. Hitler also used this tactic against the Netherlands and Francep
A methodical plan orchestrated by Hitler to ensure German supremacy. It called for the elimination of Jews, non-conformists, homosexuals, non-Aryans, and mentally and physically disabled.
Prejudice against Jews. This was used by Hitler to convince Germans to support him.
Prison camps used under the rule of Hitler in Nazi Germany. Conditions were inhuman, and prisoners, mostly Jewish people, were generally starved or worked to death, or killed immediately.
During the reign of Nazi Germany, a neighborhood in a city set up by law to be inhabited only by Jews; now used to denote a section of a city in which members of any minority group live because of social, legal, or economic pressure.
Deliberate extermination of a racial or cultural group. Hitler committed a genocide of about 6 million Jews.
(Night of the Broken Glass) November 9, 1938, when mobs throughout Germany destroyed Jewish property and terrorized Jews. This was triggered by the killing of a German man by a Jewish man.
Alliance of Germany, Italy, and Japan during World War II. Japan joined the Axis Powers after Pearl Harbor.
Alliance of Great Britain, Soviet Union, United States, and France during World War II. The Soviet Union joined after Germany broke the Nonaggression Pact.
Allowed sales or loans of war materials to any country whose defense the president deems vital to the defense of the U.S. Roosevelt used this law to support Britain from 1939 to March 1941.
Code name for the U.S. effort during World War II to produce the atomic bomb. Despite its name, the vast majority of the research was done in Los Alamos, New Mexico by refugee physicists in the United States.
Restricting the amount of food and other goods people may buy during wartime to assure adequate supplies for the military. This was the object of a large amount of propaganda.
June 6, 1944 - Led by Eisenhower, over a million troops (the largest invasion force in history) stormed the beaches at Normandy and began the process of re-taking France. The turning point of World War II in West Europe.
Japanese suicide pilots who loaded their planes with explosives and crashed them into American ships. This strategy was used once the Japanese knew there was no way they could win the war.
City in Japan, the first to be destroyed by an atomic bomb, on August 6, 1945. The bombing hastened the end of World War II.
A series of court proceedings held in Nuremberg, Germany, after World War II, in which Nazi leaders were tried for aggression, violations of the rules of war, and crimes against humanity. These trials are still being carried out today.
GI Bill of Rights
Also known as Servicemen's Readjustment Act of 1944 gave money to veternas to study in colleges, universities, gave medical treatment, loans to buy a house or farm or start a new business. Done to prevent the issues seen with WWI veterans.
Congress of Racial Equality (CORE)
(CORE) Civil rights organization started in 1944 and best known for its "freedom rides," bus journeys challenging racial segregation in the South in 1961. Was the precursor to the Civil Rights Movement.
The state of being confined as a prisoner, especially for political or military reasons. Japanese-Americans were put in this type of camp during WWII.
a German submarine that was the first submarine employed in warfare, initially used during WW1. They were again used in WWII to avoid Britain's blockade of the English Channel.
The belief or desire of a government or people that a country should maintain a strong military capability and be prepared to use it aggressively to defend or promote national interests. Found in the Japanese Empire and Nazi Germany.
The American navy attacked islands held by the Japanese in the Pacific Ocean. The capture of each successive island from the Japanese brought the American navy closer to the mainland of Japan, and thus the possibility of an invasion of Japan.
Rosie the Riveter
A propaganda character designed to increase production of female workers in the factories. It became a rallying symbol for women to do their part. The use of women in factories became instrumental to the war effort, as large number of men were part of the military.
Originally designed to avoid American involvement in World War II by preventing loans to those countries taking part in the conflict; they were later modified in 1939 to allow aid to Great Britain and other Allied nations. Were a loophole to assist the Allies in the war effort, but avoid public backlash.
A bloody and prolonged operation on the island of Iwo Jima in which American marines landed and defeated Japanese defenders (February and March 1945). The Americans would then use this island to launch air raids on mainland Japan.
A battle at which the US defeated the Japanese navy and established naval superiority in the Pacific. This battle was the turning point in the war in the Pacific.
Battle of Britain
An aerial battle fought in World War II in 1940 between the German Luftwaffe (air force), which carried out extensive bombing in Britain, and the British Royal Air Force, which offered successful resistance. Britain won this battle, preventing the crippling of Britain's air defense.
Battle of Guadalcanal
(1942-1943) World War II battle in the Pacific; it represented the first Allied counter-attack against Japanese forces; Allied victory forced Japanese forces to abandon the island.
The retaliatory attack by American bombers after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. Did little to actually hurt Japan. Did more to embolden the American military and public.