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19 terms

Gym Digestive System

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Mouth
entry point of food to the digestive system
Salivary glands
release the saliva
Saliva
the fluid that helps soften food so it can be swallowed more easily
Esophagus
A thick-walled muscular tube that connects the pharynx with stomach
Epiglottis
a small flap of tissue that prevents food from entering the trachea
Peristalis
a series of involuntary muscle contractions
Stomach
releases acids that mix the food and produce a thick paste called chyme
Small Intestine
a coiled tube where the greatest amount of digestion and absorption takes place
Villi
small folds in the lining of the small intestine
Liver
a gland that releases bile to help breakdown fats, maintain blood sugar level, and filter poisonous wastes
Gallbladder
an organ that stores bile
Pancreas
a gland that produces digestive enzymes and insulin
Large Intestine
a tube extending from the small intestine in which undigested food is prepared for climation from the body
Rectum
a short tube at the end of the large intestine that stores wastes temporarily
Anus
short, tube-like muscular valve that relaxes to let out digestive waste
Kidneys
filter wastes products from the blood
Ureter
long tube that carries urine away from the kidneys
Bladder
a muscular sac that stores urine
Urethra
the tube through which urine leaves the body