Terms in this set (143)

1. Precrisis -State of equilibrium or well-being
2. Initial impact or shock
occurs (may last a few
hours to a few days).-
High level of stress
Inability to reason logically
Inability to apply problem-solving behavior
Inability to function socially
Possible panic
3. Crisis occurs (may last a brief or prolonged period
of time).-
Inability to cope results in attempts to redefi ne the problem, avoid the problem, or withdraw
from reality.
Ineffective, disorganized behavior interferes with daily living.
Denial of problem.
Rationalization about cause of the situation.
Projection of feelings of inadequacy onto others.
4. Recoil, acknowledgment, or beginning of
resolution occurs.-
Acknowledges reality of the situation.
Attempts to use problem-solving approach by trial and error.
Tension and anxiety resurface as reality is faced.
Feelings of depression, self-hate, and low self-esteem may occur.
Resolution, adaptation, and change continues.
Occurs when the person perceives the crisis situation in a positive way.
Successful problem-solving occurs.
Anxiety lessens.
Self-esteem rises.
Social role is resumed.
5. Postcrisis begins : May be at a higher level of maturity and adaptation due to acquisition of new positive coping skills, or may function at a restricted level in one or all spheres of the personality due to denial, repression, or
ineffective mastery of coping and problem-solving skills.
Persons who cope ineffectively may express open hostility, exhibit signs of depression, or abuse alcohol,
drugs, or food.
Symptoms of neurosis, psychosis, chronic physical disability, or socially maladjusted behavior may occur.