female reproductve system
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Terms in this set (31)
External genitals of the female.
Outer lips of the vulva
Highly sensitive structure of the female external genitals (sexual pleasure)
Area of the vulva inside the labia minora; both urinary and vaginal openings are located here.
Tube from which urine passes from the bladder.
Tissue that partially convers the vagina opening, or introitus.
Stretchable canal in the female that opens at the vulva and extends about 4 inches into the pelvis.
Mucous, Muscle, and Fiberous
3 layers of tissue the vagina contains.
Engorgement of blood vessels in particular body parts in response to sexual arousal
Small end of the uterus, located at the back of the vagina. "neck" of uterus
Pear shaped organ inside the female pelvis within which the fetus develops (lies anterior to rectum—posterior to bladder
Anteverted (anteflexed) usual position of uterus)
Parts of the uterus: Body, Fundus, Cervix and Cervical canal
Perimetrium, Myometrium, Endometrium
3 layers of the walls of the uterus (Outer, Middle, Inner)
The thin membrane covering the outside of the uterus
Middle smooth muscle layer of the uterine wall; enables uterine to stretch during pregnancy and contract during labor and orgasm
Tissue that lines the inside of the uterine wall; nourishes the zygote (united sperm and egg) which travels down to the uterus from the fallopian tubes after fertilization
has two layers: Functional layer, Basal layer
2 tubes extending from the sides of the uterus in which the egg and sperm travel
Fringelike ends of the fallopian tubes into which the released ovum enters
Occurs when a fertilized ovum implants the outside of the uterus, most commonly in the fallopian tube; implantation can rupture the tube and cause uncontrolled bleeding
Two female gonads that produce ova and sex hormones;
held in place by ligaments and mesenteries: Broad ligament,
Suspensory ligament, Ovarian ligament
Egg maturation and release; occurs as the result of the complex chain of events we know as the menstrual cycle
Sloughing off of the built up uterine lining that takes place if conception has not occured.
inner lips of the vulva
Internal Structure of the Ovaries
Tunica albuginea; Fibrous capsule of the ovary
Ovarian cortex—houses developing oocytes
Follicles—multicellular sacs housing oocytes
Ovarian medulla—loose connective tissue
Contains blood vessels, lymphvessels, and nerves
Receive ovulated oocyte;
Parts of the uterine tube: Infundibulum, Ampulla, Isthmus
distal end of uterine tube, Surrounded by fimbriae
middle third of uterine tube, USUAL SITE OF FERTILIZATION
medial third of uterine tube
communicates with vagina inferiorly
Fundus (of uterus)
rounded superior portion
Uterus is supported by?
Mesometrium—anchors uterus to lateral pelvic walls
Round ligaments—bind uterus to the anterior pelvic wall
Which layer of endometrium is sloughing off during Menstration?